December 11

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1813 Clemence Sophia Harned Lozier born Plainfield, NJ (d. 1888). Physician and reformer; suffrage leader; promoter of international arbitration; founded women's medical school, 1863; daughter of a Quaker.

  • 1849 Ellen Key born Västervik, Sweden (d. 1926). Feminist peace leader; advocated "scientific pacifism" to use innate female compassion to end war.

  • 1859 Annie Furuhjelm born Novoarchangelsk, Russian Alaska (d. 1937). Finnish journalist; feminist; member of parliament, 1914-24, 1927-9; founder of WILPF.

  • 1876 Ada Louise Comstock born Moorhead, MN (d. 1973). First President of AAUW, 1921-3; President of Radcliffe College, 1923-43; Vice-President of the Institute of Pacific Relations; delegate to International Federation of University Women (London 1920, Paris 1923).

  • 1922 Grace Paley born Bronx, NY (d. 2007). Pacifist author and professor; "combative pacifist and cooperative anarchist"; held one of the first meetings opposing Vietnam War in Greenwich Village; led seven-year vigil against war; peace visit to Hanoi, 1969; arrested at White House, 1978; organized Women & Life on Earth Conference, 1980; Pentagon Protest, 1980; opposed draft, nuclear weapons, Apartheid, central American intervention.

  • 1945 Eleonora Zielinska. Polish expert on violence against women; feminist human rights lawyer; law professor.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1941 Founding of Church Women United, “to build a World Order based on love and justice without which there can be no durable peace,” Atlantic City, NJ.

  • 1962 Women Strike for Peace tried to lay wreath in Capitol honoring suffrage founders; brought before House Un-American Activities Committee for communist ties.

  • 1963 Berkeley Campus Women for Peace spokeswomen Jackie Goldberg and Ann Forrest protested bomb shelters.

  • 1983 30,000 "Women Reclaim Greenham," ripping fence of US missile base.

  • 1998 West African Workshop of Women in the Aftermath of Civil War, Dakar.

  • 2010 Ladies in White protest outside Havana prison against detention of resisters.

  • 2012 Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence began six-week fast to talk to Canadian Prime Minister about First Nations issues.

  • 2013 Margaretta D’Arcy attempted citizen’s arrest of judge Patrick Durcan, accusing him of making Ireland complicit in war crimes for allowing American military usage of Shannon Airport.