Women peacemakers born today
1844 Fanny Garrison Villard born Roxbury, Boston (d. 1928). Nonviolent founder of NAACP, Women's Peace Society, 1919.
1867 Selma Anttila born Orimattila, Finland (d. 1942). Author and playwright; in 1920, founded Peace Union of Finland dedicated to nonviolence, international organization, disarmament and peace education.
1873 Harriet Burton Laidlaw born Albany, NY (d. 1949). Suffragist; founded League of Nations Non-Partisan Association, 1922; Chair of Women's Pro-League Council, 1921; leader of American Association for the UN; promoter of Jeannette Rankin; great orator.
1878 Gertrud Woker born Bern, Switzerland (d. 1968). Swiss biochemistry professor; opponent of chemical weapons; WILPF founder and benefactor.
1901 Margaret Mead born Doylestown, PA (d. 1978). Anthropologist, Quaker.
1918 Joan Bondurant born Great Bend, KS (d. 2006). Professor; pianist; linguist; leading scholar of nonviolence, authority on Gandhi; researcher for OSS during World War II.
1928 Barbara Wiedner born Superior, WI (d. 2002). Catholic opponent of nuclear weapons; repeated arrests for nonviolent civil disobedience; founded Grandmothers for Peace, 1986.
1939 Liv Ullmann born Tokyo, Japan. Norwegian actress and director; UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, 1980-2000; vice-president International Rescue Committee; co-founder Women's Refugee Commission, 1989; recipient of Hammarskjold Medal for contribution to UN, 1985.
1948 Ines Monica Weinberg de Roca born Buenos Aires. International Judge on both Rwanda and Yugoslavia tribunals, 2003-08; UN Appeal tribunal.
1953 Elisabeth Decrey Warner. Swiss peace advocate; president of Geneva cantonal Council 2000; co-founding director of Geneva Call 2000 protecting civilians in war; won Hesse Peace Prize 2012; International Society for Human Rights Prize 2006; PeaceWomen Across the Globe board.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1873 Women's tax protest New York city on centennial of Boston Tea Party.
1918 300 suffragists burn president's speeches in Lafayette Park.
1939 Women's Peace Campaign, Central Hall, London.
1940 Market women of Lagos, Nigeria shut down market in nonviolent protest against income tax.
1965 13-year-old Mary Beth Tinker wore black armband vs. Vietnam War, expelled from school; led to Supreme Court decision in her favor, 1969.
2005 Lydia Cacho arrested by Puebla police, threatened with rape and drowning.