December 17

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1874 Florence Cross Kitchelt born Rochester, NY (d. 1961). Socialist; sole woman on League of Nations Health Committee, 1924-30; head of Conn. League of Nations Association, 1924-44; promoted Model League of Nations; associate of Jane Addams.

  • 1875 Louise Aimee Saumoneau born Poitiers, France (d. 1950). Led first International Women's Day in Paris, 1914; pacifist socialist opposed to World War I; imprisoned 7 weeks for antiwar stand, 1915.

  • 1948 Florence Mumba born Mufulira, Zambia. Delegate to Nairobi, 1985; Zambian ombudsman, 1989; presided as judge at Yugoslav War Crimes tribunal, 1997; appointed International Criminal Tribunals vice-president, 1999; verdict in first case of wartime rape 2001; Cambodia Tribunal 2009.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1981 Congressional women protest for ERA at White House christmas tree lighting.

  • 1999 UN General Assembly passed resolution declaring November 25 as Day of International Elimination of Violence Against Women.

  • 2008 Four Code Pink women arrested at San Francisco Marine recruiting station.

  • 2011 Maya Evans arrived in Kabul, leading the first British peace mission to Afghanistan.