December 18

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1858 Kata Dalstrom born Emtöholm, Kalmar, Sweden (d. 1923). Swedish author; Christian Socialist; communist; opposed World War I; anti-war leader in peaceful separation of Norway, 1905; later Buddhist and Theosophist.

  • 1878 Edna Fischel Gellhorn born St. Louis, MO (d. 1970). President League of Women Voters; promoted world unity through League of Nations and UN; leader in suffrage and racial integration.

  • 1943 Karin Holmgrunn Sham Poo born Oslo, Norway. Norwegian banker; Deputy Exec. Director UNICEF, 1987-2004; special representative of UN Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, 2005.

  • 1959 Zainab Bangura born Yonibani, Sierra Leone. Muslim women's leader; trainer in nonviolence and peacebuilding. Sierra Leone Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2007-10. UN Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, 2012.

  • 1979 Maya Evans born Hackney, London, England. British peace activist. UK Voices for Creative Nonviolence coordinator. Arrested multiple times for nonviolent protests. Led first British peace mission to Afghanistan, 2011. Led eight-day, 90-mile Drones Peace Walk from factory to Waddington drone base, 2012.

  • 1980 Christina Aguilera born Staten Island, NY. Pop singer; Ambassador of World Food Program, 2010; Amnesty International campaign to stop genocide; song for Darfur.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1914 Jane Addams founded American League to Limit Armaments.

  • 1979 "Magna Carta of Women" (CEDAW) UN Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women adopted by UN General Assembly res. 34/180.

  • 1992 Security Resolution 798 condemned rape and brutality toward women in Bosnia.

  • 1999 Julia Butterfly Hill sets record 738 days in Redwood protest.

  • 2007 Six women of "Shut It Down" group arrested in Brattleboro, VT protest against Vermont Yankee reactor.

  • 2008 Sylvia Boyes sentenced to 3 months for anti-missile protest Fylingdales, Yorkshire.

  • 2013 In Amman, Jordan, Syrian actress Nanda Mohammad helped refugee actors stage a performance of “The Syria Trojan Women”, a reinterpretation of Euripides' play, highlighting their post-war plight.