Elisabeth of the Palatinate


Elisabeth of the Palatinate AKA Elisabeth of Bohemia born Heidelberg, Palatinate Germany December 26, 1618 (d. 1680). Philosopher Princess; Abbess of Herford; Labadist (Christian communist); correspondent with Quakers Fox, Barclay and Penn; philosophers Descartes, Spinoza.


I hope never to need to follow the precepts of the ‘physician of princes’ [Machiavelli], because violence and suspicion go against my grain.” (to Descartes, Nov. 29, 1646; 1636 portrait Wikipedia)