Women peacemakers born today
1875 Mary Barbour born Kilbarchan, Scotland (d. 1958). Labor organizer; pacifist; birth control advocate for married women. Organized "Mrs. Barbour's Army," comprising tens of thousands of women in nonviolent rent strike in Glasgow, 1916; founded Scottish branch of International League and Women's Peace Crusade protesting World War I, 1916. Established the Women's Welfare and Advisory Clinic, Glasgow's first family planning center, 1925.
1898 Thillaiyadi Valliammai born Thilliayadi, Tamilnadu, India (d. 1914). Satyagrahi martyr. Activist against South African apartheid policies. Arrested and sentenced to 3 months hard labor, 1913; died shortly after release on her 16th birthday.
1900 Meridel Le Sueur born Murray, IA (d. 1996). Socialist; feminist; author and poet; defender of poor and Native Americans.
1975 Drew Barrymore born Culver City, CA. American actress, producer, and director. World Food Program Ambassador against Hunger, 2007.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1297 St. Margaret of Cortona's feast day, the day of her death. Franciscan Tertiary who settled local quarrels and condemned militarism of Bishop of Arezzo.
1899 Celebration of Alliance of Women for Peace, Paris.
1914 Valliamah Moonsamy Mudaliar, first Satyagrahi martyr, died at the age of 16 from fever caught in Johannesburg jail where she was sentenced for her nonviolent protest of pass laws.
1944 Kasturba Gandhi died of a heart attack while under British captivity.
1943 In Munich, Sophie Scholl executed by Nazis for resistance.
1955 First meeting of Golders Green, Vera Leff, Marion Clayton, Agnes Simpson and three others, leading to eventual founding of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
1967 Barbara Garson’s anti-Vietnam play "MacBird!" opened in Berkeley, California.
1983 Greenham Women swamped Newbury courthouse.
1986 Phillippine People Power Revolution begins with civil disobedience in Manila.
1995 Helen John sentenced to six months imprisonment for breaking 13 windows at RAF Menwith Hill base.
2001 First conviction for war crime of sexual slavery: UN Tribunal Judge Florence Mumba convicted three Bosnian Serbs for crimes of mass rape committed at Foča, 1992.