Women peacemakers born today
1787 Emma Willard born Berlin, CT (d. 1870). Educator. Founded first women's seminary, 1814; proposed Universal Peace, one of the first plans for an international organization, 1820; one of the first to aid women abroad, Greece, 1833.
1870 Marguerite Gobat born Delémont, Switzerland (d. 1937). Pioneering peace educator; journalist; feminist. Secretary of Universal Union of Women for International Harmony, 1915; co-founded Swiss WILPF, 1919.
1873 Meta Berger born Milwaukee, WI (d. 1944). Democratic Socialist reformer; postwar national leader in WILPF. Opposed World War I; member of Milwaukee Emergency Peace Committee, opposing recruiting, 1917. Delegate to disarmament conference, Geneva, 1932.
1889 Lucy Godiva Woodcock born Sydney, Australia (d. 1968). Australian pacifist; teacher; union leader; feminist. Voiced opposition to Cold War policies at peace conferences, 1954-55; promoted recognition of China.
1892 Sigrid Helliesen Lund born Kristiania, Norway (d. 1987). Norwegian Quaker humanitarian and peace activist. WILPF leader. Honored by Yad Vashem, 2006.
1903 Denise Durant born Jemappes, Belgium (d. 1969). Belgian feminist; socialist organizer; anti-militarist; pacifist.
1904 Helen Nearing born Ridgewood, NJ (d. 1995). Gandhian disciple; nonviolent theosophist.
1951 Ivonne Abdel-Baki born Guayaquil, Ecuador. Artist; diplomat; peacemaker; head of Yasuní rainforest conservation project in Amazon. Founded Art for Peace, 1997; instrumental in Peru-Ecuador peace, 1998. Presidential candidate, 2002; Trade Minister, 2003-05; President of Andean Parliament, 2007-08; candidate for head of UNESCO, 2009. Created Galapagos Conservancy Foundation, 2009; UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1909 Second National Women's Day took place in New York. 2000 people met at the Murray Hill Lyceum to discuss equality for women.
1966 Police arrested Ruth Tinsley in Richmond, Virginia for lunch counter protest.
1986 81-year-old woman Mrs. Monzon, stopped tanks in Manila's nonviolent People Power Revolution. "Stop! I am an old woman. You can kill me, but you shouldn't kill your fellow Filipinos."
2012 UN Security Council held open debate on women, peace and security; Secretary General issued first-ever report on conflict-related sexual violence.