Women peacemakers born today
- 1858 Lavinia Lloyd Dock born Harrisburg, PA (d. 1956). Internationalist; nurse; militant suffragist. Opposed World War I; arrested during suffragist activities for picketing the White House, 1917; after second arrest, sent to Occoquan Prison for 25 days, and 15 days after her third arrest.
- 1878 Gabrielle Duchêne born Paris, France (d. 1954). French radical; pacifist; journalist; opposed imperialism. Founded French WILPF; organized national Peace Action Week, 1930, Women's Congress Against War and Fascism, 1934. As the enfant terrible of WILPF, she called for sanctions against Italy, following Mussolini's attack on Ethiopia.
- 1904 Marie-Hélène Lefaucheux born Paris, France (d. 1964). Leader of women's resistance movement against Hitler; only French female delegate to the first General Assembly of the UN, 1946-59. Helped create the UN commission on women, and served as chair, 1948-53.
- 1950 Helen Clark born Hamilton, New Zealand. Professor of political science; leader of peace and disarmament movement. Opposed the Vietnam War; promoted nuclear-free zone. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1999-2008; opposed US invasion of Iraq, 2003; first female head of UN Development Programme, 2009.
- 1950 Hunter Lovins born Ripton, VT. Pioneer in field of sustainable development. Recipient of Right Livelihood Award, 1983; delegate to UN conference on sustainability, 2002; opposed Vietnam War, Gulf War, Iraq War.
Women's peacemaking on this day
- 1911 On the fourth National Women's Day, Bertha Fraser delivered antiwar speech at Carnegie Hall.
- 1915 British Women met at Caxton Hall, London to plan for the WILPF.
- 2002 Lindis Peroy and Anni Rainbow arrested for protest at Menwith Hill, England.