Women peacemakers born today
1867 Laura Ingalls Wilder born Pepin, WI (d. 1957). American author.
1894 Maria Dietz born Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1980). Teacher; pacifist; activist in world peace organization of mothers and teachers, 1930s; worked to ban war toys, and promote international understanding. Co-founded political organization Christian Social People's Party, 1945; two-term member of German parliament, 1949-57.
1926 Jean Melzer born Elsternwick, South Australia (d. 2013) Australian politician; peace activist. Labor Party Senator, 1974-81. Led fight against uranium; candidate for Nuclear Disarmament Party (NDP), 1984; founded Nuclear Free Australia Party, 1985. Active in United Nations Association, WILPF, Save Our Sons against conscription. Supported Palestinian and aboriginal rights; opposed Vietnam War.
1979 Tawakkol Karman born Taiz, Yemen. Nonviolent leader of Yemeni revolution during 2011 Arab Spring movement; repeatedly arrested. Co-founded Women Journalists Without Chains, 2005; led weekly protests at Sanaa University, 2007-10. Shared Nobel Peace Prize with Leymah Gbowee & Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, 2011; first Arab woman Nobel recipient; youngest Nobel Peace Laureate.
Women's peacemaking on this day
- 1983 Greenham Women invaded base to protest visit of Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine.
- 1989 South African Women Against War opposed military service.
- 1993 Women's Tribunal against Rape in War convened in Zagreb, Croatia.