Women peacemakers born today
1867 Laura Ingalls Wilder born Pepin, WI (d. 1957). American author.
1894 Maria Dietz born Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1980). Teacher; pacifist; activist in world peace organization of mothers and teachers, 1930s; worked to ban war toys, and promote international understanding. Two-term member of German parliament, 1949-57.
1926 Jean Melzer born Elsternwick, South Australia (d. 2013). Australian politician; peace activist. Labor Party Senator, 1974-81. Led fight against uranium; candidate for Nuclear Disarmament Party (NDP), 1984; founded Nuclear Free Australia Party, 1985.
1927 Juliette Gréco born Montpellier, France. French singer and actress. “Muse of the Existentialists.” Member of Movement of Peace; sponsor of Committee for Education for Nonviolence and Peace. Arrested by Gestapo for resistance, 1943. Sang in Chile in opposition to dictator Pinochet.
1979 Tawakkol Karman born Taiz, Yemen. Nonviolent leader of Yemeni revolution during 2011 Arab Spring movement; repeatedly arrested. Shared Nobel Peace Prize with Leymah Gbowee & Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, 2011; first Arab woman Nobel recipient; youngest Nobel Peace Laureate.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1983 Greenham Women invaded base to protest visit of Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine.
1989 South African Women Against War opposed military service.
1993 Women's Tribunal against Rape in War convened in Zagreb, Croatia.
2003 In New York's Central Park, 30 women lay naked in 5-inch snow, spelling out “NO BUSH” to protest the Iraq War.