January 12

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1820 Caroline Severance born Canandaigua, NY (d. 1914). Unitarian pacifist; abolitionist; suffragist. Instrumental in the founding of numerous women's organizations: Free Religious Association with Lucretia Mott, 1867; American Suffrage Association with Lucy Stone, 1869; Women's International Peace Association, 1871.

  • 1875 Esther Loeb Kohn born Chicago, IL (d. 1965). American social reformer. 30-year resident of Hull House, which she managed in Jane Addams' absence. Pacifist delegate to WILPF Conference, Vienna, 1921.

  • 1881 Hilda Clark born Somerset, England (d. 1955). Quaker; physician. Founded Friends War Victims Relief, 1914; spearheaded Friends Relief Mission Austria, 1919-22; worked with Greek refugees; involved with WILPF & Women's Peace Crusade.

  • 1909 Barbro Alving born Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1987). Pacifist; war correspondent; reported on Spanish Civil War, Finnish Winter War, Vietnam. Leader against nuclear weapons; jailed for refusal to participate in civil defense; WILPF member.

  • 1950 Sheila Jackson-Lee born Queens, NY. US Representative, 1995. Opposed Iraq War; arrested at Sudan embassy for Darfur protest, 2006; led opposition to Afghan war.

  • 1958 Christiane Amanpour born London, England. International journalist; critic of Iraq War.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1998 Louise Frèchette appointed first Deputy Secretary General of the UN, the highest rank ever achieved by a woman in an international organization.
  • 2009 In Derry, Northern Ireland, nine women chained themselves inside a Raytheon office to protest arms sent to Israel to bomb Gaza.