Women peacemakers born today
1858 Hannah Greenebaum Solomon born Chicago, IL (d. 1942). Social reformer; associate of Jane Addams; member of WILPF. Organized World's Parliament of Religions, 1890; delegate to International Council of Women, 1904.
1872 Kerstin Hesselgren born Torsåker, Sweden (d. 1962). Called "Kerstin the First": first woman elected to upper house of Swedish parliament, 1922. Delegate to ILO, 1919; Swedish delegate to the League of Nations; opposed Italy's war on Ethiopia, 1935; member of first international committee on status of women, 1937.
1872 Eugenie Meller-Miskolczy born Budapest, Hungary (d. 1944/5). Hungarian Jewish feminist leader; suffragist; writer; pacifist; opposed WWI; active in WILPF. Arrested and sent to Kistarcsa concentration camp, July 1944. Denounced the Council of the League of Nations as ineffective and "[A]n imperialist corporation of the Great Powers."
1938 Dorothy Zellner born New York, NY. Feminist; peace advocate; civil rights activist; actively opposed Israeli occupation and Gaza War. Ran New England Regional Office of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); co-editor of its newsletter Student Voice; arrested at CORE demonstration in Miami, 1960; SNCC staff member in Mississippi, summer 1964.
1941 Mahnaz Afkhami born Kerman, Iran. Human rights activist; Iran's first Minister of Women's Affairs, 1976-78. Founded Women's Learning Partnership for Rights, Development, and Peace (WLP), 2000.
1942 Carol Bellamy born Plainfield, NJ. Director of Peace Corps, 1993; Executive Director of UNICEF, 1995; first president of Lawyers Committee to End the War.
1972 Immaculée Ilibagiza born Mataba, Kibuye, Rwanda. Tutsi survivor of genocide 1994; stared down man with machete; forgave mother’s and brothers’ killers; Gandhi Award for Reconciliation and Peace 2007.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1918 Emma Goldman fined and sentenced to two years prison for obstruction of the draft.
1968 Jeanette Rankin Brigade began meetings, kickstarting women's peace activism.
1991 200 women on the Women's Ship for Peace brought aid to Iraq. Iowa City council member Karen Kuby arrested for Gulf War protest.
2004 Joan Wile began weekly protest against Iraq War at Rockefeller Center, beginning the Granny Peace Brigade.