Women peacemakers born today
1825 Emily Gardner Phenis born Union County, Indiana (d. 1906). Quaker schoolteacher and reformer; radical non-resistant abolitionist; vegetarian. Opposed all use of force.
1900 Adelaide Sinclair born Toronto, Canada (d. 1982). UN Canadian diplomat, 1947; UNICEF Deputy Director, 1957-1967.
1933 Susan Sontag born New York, NY (d.2004). Essayist; opposed Vietnam War, made trip to Hanoi, 1967; lived in Sarajevo during siege, 1993.
1914 Ruth Stamm Dear born Bronx, NY. Radical Unitarian; pacifist; active in War Resisters League & Grey Panthers; took part in first civil disobedience at age of 71, 1985.
1938 Helga Hernes born Deutsch-Krone, West Prussia (now Wałcz, Poland). Norwegian diplomat, cabinet member, and expert on women's issues. Two-time State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with Gro Brundtland, 1988-89, 1990-93; Norwegian ambassador to Austria, Slovakia, and Switzerland; advisor at Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), 2005-present.
1942 Nicole Fontaine born Normandy, France. First female president of European Parliament, 1999-2001.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1907 Jane Addams published Newer Ideals of Peace.
1958 Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament founded on women's initiative.
1966 In Oakland, CA, Joan Baez jailed at Vietnam War protest.
1982 In Minneapolis, Polly Mann and Marianne Hamilton founded Women Against Nuclear Madness.
1992 Adelita Medina led Military Families Support Network in White House peace vigil to help soldiers affected by trauma of Gulf War.