Women peacemakers born today
1880 Rosalia Gwis-Adami born Edolo, Italy (d. 1930). Italian peace leader; novelist and journalist; co-founded pacifist Society of Young Italian Women 1909; supported European unity and League of Nations.
1891 Mary Albee Chesley AKA Tarabehn born Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1936). Canadian Gandhian. Served as itinerant banker to rural women; raised funds for Russian and Chinese famine relief, aid to German children; Quaker family; died of pneumonia on pilgrimage to Hindu Buddhist holy site Badri-Kedar on Tibetan frontier. Described by Gandhi as, “one of the noblest women had the good fortune to meet.”
1933 Ada Aheroni (née Andrée Yadid) born Cairo, Egypt. Israeli peace poet, novelist; founding president International Forum for the Literature and Culture of Peace (IFLAC) 1999.
1939 Eleanor Smeal born Ashtabula, OH. Founded Feminist Majority 1987 supporting women's equality, reproductive rights and non-violence; President of NOW 1977-82; opposed Vietnam War and Iraq War 2002; arrested 1987 at protest at Vatican embassy DC; arrested at White House 1992 for abortion protest.
1940 Mary E. King born New York, NY. Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies at the UN University for Peace, Costa Rica. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) activist, 1962-66. Deputy director of American domestic volunteer agency ACTION, overseeing Peace Corps and VISTA, 1977-81.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1913 Barcelona women led strike of textile workers.
1927 First Grassroots campaign of Women’s Peace Union for Outlawry of War started in North Dakota.
1980 International Women’s Conference Copenhagen ended with resolution on peace.
1993 Seneca Falls Walk to Waterloo NY. Barbara Deming and 52 other women arrested.
1996 Four Plowshares women acquitted for damage to Indonesian warplanes, Liverpool.
2011 30th WILPF Congress, San José, Costa Rica, through Aug. 6.
2012 Hanna Poddig chained herself to rail track to block uranium shipment, Gronau, Germany.
2014 In Washington DC, nine Code Pink protesters arrested at the Israeli Embassy in Gaza protest.