Women peacemakers born today
1802 Harriet Martineau born Norwich, England (d. 1876). "Mother of Sociology." Abolitionist; feminist; historian; transcendentalist philosopher. Early advocate of care of battle-wounded.
1873 Ebba Pauli born Västerhanunge, Sweden (d. 1941). Swedish social reformer and author. Radical pacifist. Co-founded slum settlement Birkagården, 1912. Early member of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1918; work for International FOR. Co-founded pacifist League for Christian Citizenship.
1892 Margaret Sturge Watts born Everton, Liverpool, England (d. 1978). Australian Quaker opponent of World War I; founding member of Australian WILPF. Founded Women's Peace Army, 1916.
1913 Elisabeth Eidenbenz born Wila, Zürich, Switzerland (d. 2011). Swiss humanitarian; teacher; aided children refugees from Spanish Civil War 1937; established maternity refuge France 1939; aid to Jewish women in World War II won Righteous Among the Nations award 2002.
1915 Barbara Leonard Reynolds born Milwaukee, WI (d. 1990). Quaker protester; anti-nuclear activist; tax resister. Sailed Phoenix into Eniwetok test zone, 1958; world tour with hibakusha (survivors of the atomic bombings), 1964; created World Friendship Center, Hiroshima, 1965.
1929 Brigid Brophy, Lady Levey born London, England (d. 1995). British author and playwright. Feminist, pacifist, socialist pamphleteer, and social reformer. Waged vigorous public campaign against Vietnam War.
1929 Anne Frank born Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1945).
1929 Betty A. Reardon born Rye, NY. "The Mother of Peace Education." Pioneering peace educator. Co-founded International Institute of Peace Education, 1972; Global Campaign for Peace Education, 1999. Awarded Sean MacBride Peace Prize, 2009.
1938 Robin Lloyd born Evanston, IL. Third-generation woman peacemaker, granddaughter of Lola Lloyd, niece of Georgia Lloyd; filmmaker, Quaker peace activist; WILPF 100th anniversary performance “Talking with our Grandmothers”; co-founded Burlington Peace Center; nonviolence teacher; opposed war on drugs.
1969 Netsai Mushonga born Bindura, Zimbabwe. Nonviolent peace activist. Began Women Peacemakers Program (WPP) for Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1997.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1919 Costa Rican women students marched in protest that led to overthrow of dictator Tinoco.
1982 Women Strike for Peace organized one million people demanding end to arms race.
1993 In Sarajevo, Zainab Salbi founded Women for Women International to aid women victims of war.
1997 Mary Robinson appointed UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
2006 Iranian women launched campaign for gender rights.