March 14

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1840 Ellen Robinson born Liverpool, England (d. 1912). Quaker schoolmistress; leading British peace activist. Opposed Boer War and British imperialism.

  • 1843 Mariana W. Chapman born New York, NY (d. 1907). American pacifist leader; suffragist. Author of The Inherent Immorality of War, 1901.

  • 1868 Emily Murphy born Cookstown, Ontario (d. 1933). Canadian jurist; lifelong pacifist; first woman judge in British empire. One of "Famous Five" women who won legal right of woman as a person, 1929.

  • 1918 Zoia Horn born Odessa, Ukraine (d. 2014). American librarian jailed 21 days for refusing to divulge information about Harrisburg Seven antiwar protesters, 1972. Publicly opposed Patriot Act.

  • 1946 Ivana Janů born Plazy, Czechoslovakia. International lawyer and judge. Convicted head of Bosnian Krajina region of war crimes, 1993; presided over Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal (ICTY), 2001-04.

  • 1951 Sharon A. Williams born Cardiff, Wales. Professor of international law; judge. Served as Canadian member of Permanent Court of Arbitration, 1991-97; presided over Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal (ICTY), 2001-03.

  • 1972 Irom Chanu Sharmila born Imphal, India. Nonviolent Gandhian disciple; human rights advocate; journalist; poet. Known as the "Iron Lady of Manipur." Began hunger strike to protest civilian deaths at the hands of the Indian military, 2000; due to hunger strike, has been repeatedly arrested for attempted suicide and force-fed via feeding tube.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1664 Margaret Fell, founder of the Quaker movement, was imprisoned for the first time, spending four years in Lancaster Castle. "We are a people that follow after those things that make for peace, love and unity."

  • 1917 1,000 women picketed the White House calling for a constitutional amendment for women's suffrage.

  • 1983 In El Salvador, Marianella Garcia-Villas was assassinated for her investigation of human rights violations.

  • 2003 Cathy Hoffman was arrested for protesting the Iraq War at the Boston Federal Building.

  • 2012 Judge Elizabeth Odio Benito convicted Thomas Lubanga Dyilo of the war crime of recruiting child soldiers.