March 15

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1838 Alice Cunningham Fletcher born Havana, Cuba (d. 1923). American anthropologist; Indian rights reformer; chronicler of Indian peacemaking. Convinced Congress to pass Omaha land allotment, 1882.

  • 1868 Lida Gustava Heymann born Hamburg, Germany (d. 1943). German radical; feminist-pacifist; WILPF founding member. Co-founded the first German feminist society with her partner Anita Augspurg, 1902.

  • 1890 Gertrud Kurz-Hohl born Lűtzenberg, Switzerland (d. 1972). "Mother of Refugees." Heroine of the Holocaust; founder and leader of Swiss refugee relief in World War II. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize, 1961, 1962; awarded Albert Schweitzer Prize, 1965.

  • 1900 Frances Partridge born London, England (d. 2004). British author; lifelong pacifist.

  • 1919 Frances Crowe born Carthage, MO. Quaker; active protester into her 90s. Co-founded Traprock Peace Center, 1979. Arrested over 15 times for nonviolent protests, including 30-day sentence for 1984 Electric Boat protest.

  • 1929 Krishna Ahooja-Patel born Amritsar, India. Canadian professor. International Labour Office, 1969-86; UN official, 1987-90; International president of WILPF, 2001-04.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1896 Maria Chéliga, Princess Gabrielle Wiszniewska and Camille Flammarion founded the League of Women for International Disarmament.
  • 1907 Finland expanded to full universal suffrage in its elections and 19 women were elected to Parliament, marking the first time women were elected to office.
  • 1918 Anasuya Sarabhai shared Gandhi’s fast for mill workers strike, Ahmedabad.

  • 1942 Norwegian teachers arrested for refusing Nazi curriculum.

  • 2012 Ten women arrested for democracy protest, Damascus.