November 20

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1827 Emily Howland born Sherwood, NY (d. 1929). Quaker pacifist; abolitionist; suffragist; teacher of African-Americans, 1857-1927; faced mobs nonviolently.

  • 1858 Selma Lagerlof born Mårbacka, Sweden (d. 1950). Swedish author; awarded Nobel Prize for Literature, 1909. Opposed World War I; published pacifist novel The Outcast, 1918; signed Anti-Conscription Manifesto, 1930; aided victims of Finnish War and Nazi refugees.

  • 1918 Corita Kent born Ft. Dodge, IA (d. 1986). Peace artist; Immaculate Heart nun; nonviolent Vietnam War protester, 1967; supporter of farmworkers; supporter of Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • 1923 Nadine Gordimer born Springs, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2014). Awarded Nobel Literature Prize, 1991; early opponent of Apartheid; books banned; hid African National Congress leaders.

  • 1944 Koko Kondo born Hiroshima, Japan. Prominent hibakusha, survivor of Hiroshima; international peace activist; opposed wars in Iraq and Chechnya.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1926 Finnish branch of Women’s International League established.

  • 1986 Elizabeth Richards' "Working Towards Peace" at UN.

  • 1993 UN Declaration Against Violence Towards Women.

  • 2010 Nancy H. Smith arrested protesting the School of the Americas, for which she was sentenced to 6 months at Danbury Prison.

  • 2010 Women Say No to NATO Europe-wide protests; London women wore purple t-shirts.

  • 2011 Theresa Cusimano arrested second time for protesting the School of Americas. Previously spent 2 months in prison, 2008.