November 23

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1876 Maude Royden born Liverpool, England (d. 1956). Pacifist during World War I; first female Anglican priest; proposed a Peace Army, 1930s.

  • 1901 Muriel Gardiner born Chicago, IL (d. 1985). American psychoanalyst; internationalist; opposed nuclear weapons; assisted escapees from Nazis in Vienna, 1938; co-founded Center for Innovative Diplomacy, "Dedicated to preventing nuclear and conventional war by increasing citizen participation in foreign affairs," 1982.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1909 "First Great Strike of Women," "Uprising of the 20,000" garment workers in Manhattan.

  • 1921 Mollie Steimer exiled from US.

  • 1989 Maria led Huancayo Peru march for International Day of Opposition to Violence Against Women.

  • 2011 Aliaa Elmahdy of Cairo posted nude photo online to protest "a society of violence, racism, sexism, sexual harassment and hypocrisy."