October 22

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1845 Sarah Bernhardt born Paris, France (d. 1923). Actress.

  • 1874 Thora Daugaard born Store Arden, Denmark (d. 1951). Editor; feminist; pacifist; founder WILPF, 1915; resolution for World War I ceasefire.

  • 1919 Doris Lessing born Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013). British novelist; awarded Nobel Literature Prize, 2007; banned from South Africa for anti-nuclear, anti-Apartheid stance; opposed World War I, in which her father lost a leg.

  • 1930 Estela Barnes De Carlotto born Buenos Aires, Argentina. Recipient of UN Human Rights Award, 2004; president of Grandmothers of the Plaza of May.

  • 1957 Alicia Cabezudo born Rosario, Argentina. Leading international peace educator; Italian professor in Argentina; vice president International Peace Bureau 2010-16.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1777 Ann Cooper Whitall, heroine of Battle of Red Bank, NJ, cared for wounded of both sides.

  • 1914 Kathe Kollwitz's son Peter killed in Roggevelde, Flanders, inspiring the main theme of her antiwar art.

  • 1967 Thich Nu Hue Lac, age 22, immolated herself in antiwar protest.

  • 1968 The Paula Cooper Gallery in SoHo New York sponsored the first anti-Vietnam War show, curated by Lucy Lippard, for benefit of Student Mobe.

  • 1977 Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo, a group in protest of disappeared children, founded in Buenos Aires.

  • 2009 In San Francisco, Code Pink member Rae Abileah led 22 people in an attempted citizens’s arrest of former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert for Gaza war crimes.

  • 2014 Sandra Steingraber led We Are Seneca Lake anti-fracking civil disobedience campaign.