October 7

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1860 Margarethe Lenore Selenka born Hamburg, Germany (d. 1922). German peace leader; ethnologist; archaeologist; suffragist. Organized first worldwide women's peace demonstration and million signatures for arms control, 1899; protest against Boer War, 1901; founding member of WILPF.

  • 1873 Clementine Kraemer born Rheinbischofsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1942). Leading German pacifist writer; popular novelist and poet. Unable to find refuge abroad, died at Theresienstadt concentration camp.

  • 1952 Marilyn Waring born Ngankuawahia, New Zealand. Feminist professor of politics; 10-year member of parliament, served on Foreign Affairs Committee; led movement to make nation nuclear-free, 1982; critic of economics in which war is most profitable, while women's unpaid work is not counted.

  • 1960 Katrina vanden Heuvel born New York, NY. Editor & publisher of The Nation; voiced early opposition to Iraq War.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • Feast day of St. Justina of Padua

  • 1918 Following the failed passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, the National Women's Party marched on the Capitol.

  • 1931 Maria Montessori met Gandhi in London.

  • 1990 Benedictine nun Katherine Howard circulated Universal Declaration of Nonviolence.

  • 1990 Sandra Boston led 19 women in "Hearts Across the Gulf," Greenfield, MA.

  • 2002 Global Women’s Peace Initiative first met UN building, Geneva.

  • 2006 Chechen war opponent Anna Politkovskaya assassinated.

  • 2013 Margaretta D’Arcy arrested at Shannon Airport for peaceful die-in protesting American use of airfield as refueling site for Afghanistan-bound warplanes.