April 22

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1766 Germaine de Stael born Paris, France (d. 1817). Liberal Swiss philosopher and author; exiled opponent of Napoleon, 1804; early advocate of abolition of slave trade, 1813.

  • 1858 Ethel Smyth born Sidcup, Kent, England (d. 1944). British musical composer of operas, songs, chamber music, piano and organ music. Wrote suffragist anthem "March of the Women", 1911.

  • 1904 María Zambrano Alarcón born Vélez-Málaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1991). Leading 20th century Spanish philosopher. Exiled by civil war, 1939-84.

  • 1909 Rita Levi-Montalcini  born Turin, Italy (d. 2012) Italian-American neurologist. Advocated education for peace in her autobiography In Praise of Imperfection, 1988. Awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1986.

  • 1955 Ann Marie Janson Lang born Sweden. Swedish doctor at Karolynska Institute led WHO case against nuclear weapons at World Court 1996.

  • 1980 Erica Chenoweth born Ohio. American professor of international relations; expert on civil resistance. Co-authored Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict, 2011.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1868 First publication of Gualberta Alaide Beccari's Italian feminist journal La Donna.

  • 1963 Mothers for Peace pleaded with Pope John XXIII to condemn nuclear war and promote nonviolent resistance.

  • 1984 Easter Plowshares protest by Christin Schmidt and Anne Montgomery damaged Pershing missile at Martin Marietta plant Orlando; 3 years in prison; banner: “Violence Ends Where Love Begins.”

  • 1999 Earth Day: Joan Baez and Bonnie Raitt climbed redwood tree to join Butterfly Hill in protest.

  • 1996 Ursuline Sister Diana Ortiz began fast for release of documents about Guatemalan atrocities.

  • 2010 Maltese peacemaker Bianca Zammit shot by Israeli army, Gaza.

  • 2011 Women for Bahrain launched campaign against sectarian hatred.

  • 2011 In Asheville, NC, organizers held a Slut Walk against sexual violence, one of the first in the US.

  • 2011 Eleven women arrested for chain-locking gate at Vermont Yankee nuclear plant.

  • 2015 Opening of WILPF Centennial Congress, “Women’s Power to Stop War,” at Peace Palace, The Hague.