April 23

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1858 Bella Guerin born Williamstown, Victoria, Australia (d. 1923) Australian anti-war activist; feminist; suffragist; socialist. First woman graduate of Australian university, 1883.

  • 1928 Shirley Temple Black born Santa Monica, CA (d. 2014). Child movie star; Republican diplomat. Delegate to UN, 1969. US Ambassador to Ghana, 1974-76; Czechoslovakia, 1968, 1989-92. First woman Chief of Diplomatic Protocol, 1976.

  • 1940 Ita Ford born Brooklyn, NY (d. 1980). Maryknoll nun active in Bolivia, Chile and El Salvador. Tortured, raped, and murdered by National Guard soldiers, El Salvador, 1980.

  • 1950 Heisoo Shin born Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea. South Korean professor of sociology. Leader in exposing of sexual slavery by the Japanese military during World War II; spearheaded international campaign against violence to women in war. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

  • 1951 Carolyn Hayman born England. Development expert. Co-founded Peace Direct to help communities to recover from war through local efforts, 2004; Peace Direct UK Executive Director, 2004-present.

  • 1951 Darlene Keju born Ebeye, Kwajalein, Marshall Islands (d. 1996). Pioneering anti-nuclear activist. Exposed widespread aftereffects of atomic testing on people of Marshall Islands.

  • 1951 Allison Krause born Pittsburgh, PA (d. 1970). 19-year-old Kent State University freshman killed by Ohio National Guard in protest against Cambodian invasion, 1970.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1702 Quaker founding Mother Margaret Fox died, aged 87. Final words: "I am in peace."

  • 1926 Women's Peace Union constitutional amendment to abolish war introduced by Sen. Frazier. "War for any purpose shall be illegal."

  • 1951 Civil Rights Movement began with 16-year-old Barbara Johns student strike at R.R. Moton High School, Farmville, VA.

  • 2009 Farah Pandith appointed first US representative to Muslim countries.

  • 2011 Dallas Slut March against sexual violence organized by Liz Webb.