Women peacemakers born today
1858 Bella Guerin born Williamstown, Victoria, Australia (d. 1923) Australian anti-war activist; feminist; suffragist; socialist. First woman graduate of Australian university, 1883.
1928 Shirley Temple Black born Santa Monica, CA (d. 2014). Child movie star; Republican diplomat. Delegate to UN, 1969. US Ambassador to Ghana, 1974-76; Czechoslovakia, 1968, 1989-92. First woman Chief of Diplomatic Protocol, 1976.
1940 Ita Ford born Brooklyn, NY (d. 1980). Maryknoll nun active in Bolivia, Chile and El Salvador. Tortured, raped, and murdered by National Guard soldiers, El Salvador, 1980.
1950 Heisoo Shin born Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea. South Korean professor of sociology. Leader in exposing of sexual slavery by the Japanese military during World War II; spearheaded international campaign against violence to women in war. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.
1951 Carolyn Hayman born England. Development expert. Co-founded Peace Direct to help communities to recover from war through local efforts, 2004; Peace Direct UK Executive Director, 2004-present.
1951 Darlene Keju born Ebeye, Kwajalein, Marshall Islands (d. 1996). Pioneering anti-nuclear activist. Exposed widespread aftereffects of atomic testing on people of Marshall Islands.
1951 Allison Krause born Pittsburgh, PA (d. 1970). 19-year-old Kent State University freshman killed by Ohio National Guard in protest against Cambodian invasion, 1970.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1702 Quaker founding Mother Margaret Fox died, aged 87. Final words: "I am in peace."
1926 Women's Peace Union constitutional amendment to abolish war introduced by Sen. Frazier. "War for any purpose shall be illegal."
1951 Civil Rights Movement began with 16-year-old Barbara Johns student strike at R.R. Moton High School, Farmville, VA.
2009 Farah Pandith appointed first US representative to Muslim countries.
2011 Dallas Slut March against sexual violence organized by Liz Webb.