Frederika Broeksmit


Frederika Henriette Broeksmit born Charlois, Rotterdam, Netherlands August 14, 1875 (d. 1945). Dutch impressionist landscape painter and etcher. Pacifist founder of Si vis Pacem, para Pacem, which she represented at International Women's Congress, The Hague, 1915.


[I]ndependent action in the interest of Peace should be the first motive, and the moral duty incumbent upon those Neutrals who wish to start action, before the occasion for Mediation presents itself openly and fully.” (c. 1915, Si vis Pacem appeal; photo