Anita Mccormick Blaine born Manchester, VT July 4, 1866 (d. 1954). Chicago philanthropist; internationalist promoter of League of Nations and UN; personally urged world leaders including Hitler and Mussolini to avoid war; founded World Citizens Association to create world unity 1939 Chicago; early promoter of a democratic UN and world federalism; published progressive newspaper Daily Compass 1949-52; financed Foundation for World Government 1950; founded New World Foundation 1954 for peace and progressive causes; progressive education reformer.
On the founding of the UN: "[I]t matters greatly that this first chance for world agreement to prevent war. . . must not be lost to mankind." (Gilbert Harrison, A Timeless Affair, p. 215, 1979; photo ucls.uchicago.edu)