Women peacemakers born today
1878 Marian Cripps born Nottingham, England (d. 1952). Quaker war resister; twin sister of peacemaker Edith. Co-founded Fellowship of Reconciliation; founding member of WILPF. President of World YWCA, 1924-28. Head of British WILPF, 1950.
1878 Edith Maud Ellis born Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1963). Quaker; absolute pacifist; daughter of MP. Served as president of British WILPF; led Friends Service Committee, counseling those who refused conscription during World War I; acted as mediator to end Korean War; published pamphlet A Challenge to Militarism, for which she was fined £150, spent 3 months in Holloway Prison.
1921 Mary Maffeo born Casper, WY (d. 2012). Catholic peacemaker; opposed nuclear testing. Aided refugees from war in Central America; served on Catholic international commission to end Vietnam War.
1946 Anja Meulenbelt born Utrecht, Netherlands. Prominent feminist author and politician; Socialist member of Dutch parliament; promoted peace in Balkans and Palestine; recipient of Journalist for Peace Award, 2004.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1907 Maria Montessori opened her first school in Rome.
1929 Mother Teresa arrived in Calcutta to start her work with the poor.
1993 Maria Kirbasova led the Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia into Chechnya.
2000 Eight Puerto Rican women, including actress Rosie Perez, arrested for climbing steps of US mission to the UN in protest of the bombing of Vieques.
2010 Poet and human rights activist Susana Chávez murdered in Juárez, Mexico.
2014 Five Cambodian women arrested while peacefully protesting detention of Boeung Kak lake activists.