Women peacemakers born today
1873 Nella Giacomelli born Lodi, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1949). “The Red Meteor” anarcho-pacifist newspaper editor and journalist; wrote for French anti-militarist newspaper Rompete de File, 1907-13. Issued May Day manifesto to women against war, resulting in house arrest, 1916. Co-founded anarchist newspaper New Humanity, 1920.
1891 Mabel Newcomer born Oregon, IL (d. 1983). Economics professor Vassar; only woman delegate to Breton Woods Conference founding World Bank and IMF. 1945.
1913 Juliet Bernstein born Ferndale, NY. Leader of Cape Cod FOR; National Women's Hall of Fame 1995; created nuclear free zone for town of Chatham 1984; led campaign against land mines; annual peace poetry, poster and essay contest; NAACP "Unsung Hero" for racial equality; opposed wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1963 Cambridge Treaty ending segregation and violence in Maryland city; led by Gloria Richardson, witnessed by US Attorney General Robert Kennedy.
1975 First International Women’s Conference Mexico City ended. "Women have a vital role to play in the promotion of peace in all spheres of life: in the family, the community, the nations and the world."
1984 Nonviolent activist Leonor Zamora Concha became mayor of Ayacucho, Peru.
1998 Helen John jailed seven days for painting US Embassy London "Stop Menwith Hill" US spy base in Yorkshire.
2010 General Assembly created UN women's organization UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.