July 2

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1873 Nella Giacomelli born Lodi, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1949). “The Red Meteor” anarcho-pacifist newspaper editor and journalist; wrote for French anti-militarist newspaper Rompete de File, 1907-13. Issued May Day manifesto to women against war, resulting in house arrest, 1916. Co-founded anarchist newspaper New Humanity, 1920.

  • 1891 Mabel Newcomer born Oregon, IL (d. 1983). Economics professor Vassar; only woman delegate to Breton Woods Conference founding World Bank and IMF. 1945.

  • 1908 Jean Sinclair born Germiston, South Africa (d. 1996). Founder 1955 Black Sash women's movement against Apartheid; mother of activist Sheena Duncan.

  • 1913 Juliet Bernstein born Ferndale, NY. Leader of Cape Cod FOR; National Women's Hall of Fame 1995; created nuclear free zone for town of Chatham 1984; led campaign against land mines; annual peace poetry, poster and essay contest; NAACP "Unsung Hero" for racial equality; opposed wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

  • 1951 Sylvia Rivera born Bronx, NY (d. 2002). Puerto Rican "Rosa Parks of transgender movement"; opposed Vietnam War and US bombing of Yugoslavia and Vieques; Stonewall leader.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1963 Cambridge Treaty ending segregation and violence in Maryland city; led by Gloria Richardson, witnessed by US Attorney General Robert Kennedy.

  • 1975 First International Women’s Conference Mexico City ended. "Women have a vital role to play in the promotion of peace in all spheres of life: in the family, the community, the nations and the world."

  • 1984 Nonviolent activist Leonor Zamora Concha became mayor of Ayacucho, Peru.

  • 1998 Helen John jailed seven days for painting US Embassy London "Stop Menwith Hill" US spy base in Yorkshire.

  • 2010 General Assembly created UN women's organization UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.