Gloria Richardson


Gloria Richardson (née Hayes) born Baltimore, MD May 6, 1922. Militant nonviolent civil rights leader and piano teacher. Founded Cambridge Movement, demanding immediate desegregation. Led Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee (CNAC), 1963; when shot rang out, she pushed a National Guardsman’s rifle aside. Negotiated Cambridge Treaty to end segregation and riots, 1963. Arrested repeatedly for sit-ins.


We weren’t going to stop until we got [our five demands], and if violence occurred, then we would have to accept that.” (Democracy Now, Aug. 27, 2013; photo conversations in black freedom studies)