Henrietta Rodman

Overview

08.28 rodman crop.jpg

Henrietta Rodman born Queens, NY August 28, 1877 (d. 1923). Educational reformer. Bohemian socialist; lectured and wrote about peace. Founded Feminist Alliance, 1914. Pacifist executive of Women’s Peace Party opposing World War I; Heterodoxy Club. Agitated for racial equality.

Quotations

Feminism is the attempt of women to grow up, to accept the responsibilities of life, to outgrow those characteristics of childhood—selfishness and cowardliness—that we require our boys to outgrow, but that we permit and by our social system encourage our girls to retain.” (1915, Jane Sochen, The New Feminism, p. 50; photo Wikipedia)

Pauline Roland

Overview

06.07 roland.jpg

Pauline Roland born Falaise, Calvados, Normandy, France June 7, 1805 (d. 1851). French feminist historian; St. Simonian Socialist; pacifist. Spent seven months in prison for socialist agitation and opposition to Napoleon III coup, 1850; died due to suffering life sentence in Algerian prison, 1851.

Quotations

Sisters of America! Your socialist sisters of France are united with you in the vindication of the right of woman to civil and political equality.” (Jeanne Deroin, Pauline Roland, Paris, St. Lazare Prison, June 15, 1851; portrait accadde)

Kathleen Rumpf

Overview

09.01 rumpf crop.jpg

Kathleen Rumpf born September 1, 1951. Catholic Worker peace activist. Arrested over 100 times; participated in anti-war activities with Berrigan family and Dorothy Day, 1978; joined Greenham Common, Seneca Peace Camp, 1983. Spent 18 months jail for 1983 Thanksgiving Day protest, hammering dents in B-2 bomber. Held 3-day vigil at Pentagon with sign: ”IT’S A SIN TO BUILD A NUCLEAR WEAPON,” 1983. Led women’s hokey-pokey dance on red line Nevada Test Site, 1989; 4-day fast protesting aid to El Salvador, 1989; Operation Desert Shield protest, 1990; trespass at federal building protest against Iraq War, 1992. Lived in cage in public protest of US jails. First federal prison term of nine months for spray-painting “School of Shame” at School of Americas entrance, 1998; killer drone protests, 2011.

Quotations

On her prison experience: “Institutionalized torture of the powerless doesn’t happen in isolation. . . It evolves. Abu Ghraib came right out of our culture.” (Fort Worth Weekly, Aug. 2, 2006; photo peacecamperstory)

Maria Rabaté

Overview

Maria Rabaté (née Bernuchon) born Moncontour, Vienne, France July 3, 1900 (d. 1985). French Communist politician dedicated to postwar peace, opposing wars in Vietnam, Korea, Algiers, and to nuclear weapons.

Quotations

Women, concerned about the lives of their families, will subscribe to this program of common sense, justice and peace. End the Algerian war, take initiatives in favor of disarmament.” (1958 appeal at Referendum, bide et musique; photo assemble national)

Leah Rabin

Overview

Leah Rabin (née Schlossberg) born Königsberg, E. Prussia April 8, 1928 (d. 2000). Israeli peace advocate after murder of her Nobel laureate husband 1995.

Quotations

"There is no alternative to the peace process. We are on the way, and these mines, these obstacles have to be overcome. The train of peace will go on and arrive at its destiny." ("Architects of Peace"; photo Santa Clara Univ.)

Jesselyn Radack

Overview

Jesselyn Radack (née Brown) born Washington DC December 12, 1970. American attorney and whistleblower. Took up the cause of American Taliban John Walker Lindh over concerns of illegal interrogation. Legal adviser to whistleblower Edward Snowden. National Security & Human Rights Director, Government Accountability Project, 2008-present.

Quotations

On Edward Snowden: “I really think he’s had a wonderful effect for the US and for the world. . . Courage is contagious.” (channelnewsasia.com, Oct 12, 2013; photo Wikipedia)

Gabrielle Radziwill

Overview

Gabrielle Radziwill born Berlin, Prussia March 14, 1877 (d. 1968). Lithuanian internationalist. Pioneering woman in League of Nations Secretariat information section, connecting with women’s NGOs. Served in Russian Red Cross on Persian front during World War I.

Quotations

During recent years women’s organizations have contributed greatly to the forming of public opinion on international questions, and the fostering of international understanding.” (Ellen Warne, “Constance Duncan”, p. 293)

Leda Rafanelli

Overview

Leda Rafanelli born Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy September 13, 1880 (d. 1971). Italian poet, author and publisher; “The Gypsy anarchist”; individualist anarchist; convert to Sufi Islam; anti-militarist; anti-imperialist; opposed WWI; lover of pre-fascist Mussolini; rejected postwar colonial quest.

Quotations

War, we must fight! So said today the group of crowned heads. And then what? . . . then comes the pale horse of famine, the black horse of death . . . The eternal sources of life exhausted, the dispersion of all that is beauty and love. And this ruin must draft the people, the proletariat which will be the first to go and fight, the first to suffer the terrible consequences! No, no, no! Down with the war, reject this frightening vision of blood and death.” (1914, Mirella Scriboni, Down with the war!, p. 148, in Cretastorie, Anarchicini; photo wikipedia)

Ana Raffai

Overview

Ana Raffai born Zagreb, Yugoslavia October 11, 1959. Catholic theologian; Croatian peacemaker; nonviolence trainer at Center for Peace Studies. Co-organized ecumenical prayers for peace, 1994; Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

Quotations

"Peace begins when people begin to ask themselves what they themselves can do for peace. And. . . they begin to act. . . peace means to work for peace." (quote and photo World People's Blog, May 9, 2006)

Rafiah Salim

Overview

Rafiah Salim born Kuala Krai, Kelantan, Malaysia May 13, 1947. Lawyer; UN Assistant Secretary for Human Resources, 1998-2003; first woman university president, 2006.

Quotations

On achieving gender parity: "[W]omen need to take some risks." (June 2000)

"Women make better leaders in non-profit organisations because of their natural humane traits." (The Star, April 19, 2012; photo ms.Wikipedia)

Clara Ragaz

Overview

Clara Ragaz (née Nadig) born Chur, Switzerland March 30, 1874 (d. 1957). Swiss peace leader; women’s rights advocate. Founding member WILPF, 1915; WILPF Swiss Vice-President, 1929-46.

Quotations

[T]he atomic bomb should show even to those most indifferent and to those most apathetic what war means, and make them understand that we are lost if we keep putting our trust in violence.” (Luxembourg, Aug. 1946, in Confortini, Intelligent Compassion, p. 39)

Dachine Rainer

Overview

01.13 rainer resize.jpg

Dachine Rainer (née Sylvia Newman) born New York, NY January 13, 1921 (d. 2000). American-English anarchopacifist poet and writer follower of Tolstoi’s nonviolence; edited pacifist Retort magazine 1942-1951; book Prison Etiquette (1950) supported 6.000 imprisoned conscientious objectors.

Quotations

In a world of annihilating relativism, I have come to view support of any war, or capital punishment, or coercion of any sort—including 'volunteer' coercion—absolute evil.” (on Orwell, Retort, Spring 1947, p. 35; photo Penny’s poetry page)

Arlette Ramaroson

Overview

Arlette Ramaroson born Diego Suarez, Madagascar August 14, 1944. Appeals Judge International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda; Presiding Judge who found Ildephonse Hategekimana guilty of genocide; also Bisengimana.

Quotations

"Murder as a crime against humanity. . . Rape as a crime against humanity. . . The Chamber sentenced Ildephonse Hategekimana to a single sentence of life imprisonment." (Dec. 6, 2010 Hategekimana verdict; photo ICTR)

Lalita Ramdas

Overview

Lalita Ramdas (née Katari) born Calcutta February 4, 1940. Indian nonviolence advocate and peace activist. Chair of Greenpeace International, 2007-10. Promoted peace with Pakistan; opposed Pokhran nuclear weapons testing, 1998. Launched Greenpeace’s flagship Rainbow Warrior II, Gdansk, 2011.

Quotations

"Building peace and talking peace takes much more courage than screaming aloud for war and revenge." (Aman ki Asha, Facebook, Jan. 20, 2013; photo greenpeace.org)

Franca Rame

Overview

Franca Rame born Parabiago, Lombardy, Italy July 18, 1928 (d. 2013). Radical Italian actress and playwright; Senator; opposed Vietnam War, Iraq War; co-wrote and acted play on Cindy Sheehan's opposition to war.

Quotations

"Christ asks us to love our enemies and not discriminate on the basis of race or religion. . . He always insisted that any war was unjust and criminal." (Mother Courage: Cindy Sheehan's Diary, p. 5, 2005; photo abruzzo24ore.tv)

Cornelia Ramondt-Hirschmann

Overview

Cornelia Ramondt-Hirschmann born The Hague July 29, 1871 (d.). WILPF founding member; on team of women's appeal to heads of states for peace 1915: tsar of Russia, kings of Sweden and Denmark; hosted WILPF Emergency conference for "new peace" 1922; WILPF international co-chair 1936-7; headed Netherlands Theosophical Society 1927-30.

Quotations

On sending flowers to wounded British soldiers: "[U]nderstanding how it might for a time at least lead the thoughts of all these wounded and suffering men in a direction different from the horrors and misery they had been going through and remind them of those women who are giving the best of their powers towards the bringing back of the feelings of brotherhood and internationalism that have for the time being, so sadly been supplanted by hatred and antagonism." (1915 Bericht Rapport of women at the Hague; 1924 photo Swarthmore Peace Col.)