Women peacemakers born today
1873 Amelia Collins (d. 1962). American internationalist and promoter of UN. Pacifist Baha'i leader; International Vice President, 1951; one of nine Custodians of the Faith, 1957-63.
1917 Gwendolyn Brooks born Topeka, KS (d. 2000). Poet; first African-American Pulitzer Prize winner. Her early antiwar poems followed World War II, linking war to racism.
1943 Nikki Giovanni born Knoxville, TN. Poet; English professor; civil rights activist. Leader of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
1945 Francoise Gaspard born Dreux, Normandy, France. French feminist sociologist. Socialist Deputy in Parliament, 1981-88; French representative to UN commission on women, 1998-2000.
1966 Claudia Paz y Paz Bailey born Guatemala. Law professor and criminal and human rights lawyer. First Guatemalan woman Attorney General, 2010-14. Successfully prosecuted Rios Montt for genocide, 2013. Passed two laws against violence against women. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2013.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1955 In Tokyo, the First Mother’s Congress convened in response to Bikini nuclear tests.
1973 Pee-in at Harvard Yard led by Florynce Kennedy.
1982 Die-in at London Stock Exchange by women against nuclear weapons.