Women peacemakers born today
1858 Julia C. Lathrop born Rockford, IL (d. 1932). Social reformer; associate of Jane Addams at Hull House; co-founded Immigrants' Protective League 1912; first head of U.S. Childrens' Bureau; worked with League of Nations Child Welfare Committee of 1925-31.
1889 Gladys Walser born Kobe, Japan (d. 1975). First WILPF representative at UN, 1945-57.
1908 Erna Prather Harris born Kingfisher, OK (d. 1995). African-American journalist and peace activist; WILPF leader. Founded and operated her own newspaper, The Kansas Journal, 1936-39.
1914 Ellen Kuzwayo born Thaba 'Nchu, South Africa (d. 2006). South African leader and social worker; Head of ANC Youth League; only woman on Soweto Committee of Ten, for which she was arrested for five months, 1977.
1943 Tarja Cronberg (née Mattila) born Helsinki, Finland. Finnish Green politician, “a Peace-builder”; Minister of Labor 2007-09; European Parliament member 2011-14, chaired its Iran committee which achieved nuclear control treaty 2015; Director Copenhagen Peace Research Institute 2001-03; vice president International Peace Bureau.
1949 Ann M. Veneman born Modesto, CA. Executive Director of UNICEF 2005-10. First woman Secretary of Agriculture 2001-05 lowered tariffs in Doha Round; promoted Malaria No More.
1952 Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge born Magog, KwaZulu. Quaker pacifist, negotiated end of Apartheid and new constitution; Dep. Minister of Defence 1999-2004 using army for peacekeeping in Africa; fired as Dep. Minister of Health 2007 after calling AIDS policy a disaster.
1958 Pramila Patten born Mauritius. International expert in women’s rights. Vice-Chair of UN Committee on Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Served as commissioner of inquiry into Conakry massacre, 2009.
1964 Manuela Mesa Peinado born Jaén, Andalusia, Spain. Professor of peace studies and education; founding director Centre for Education and Research for Peace (CEIPAZ) 2008; President Spanish Research Association for Peace (AIPAZ) 2007-13;Director Peace Research Center (CIP) 2004-7; vice president WILPF Spain 2011.
1967 Shinjita Alam born Gandhabbapur, Lakshmipur, Bangladesh. Muslim social worker and peace activist. Started peace awareness committees, 2001. Developed conflict resolution programs for Bangladesh's Garo and Manipuri minority communities, 2006-07. Joined Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice Women PeaceMakers Program, 2008.
1972 Samantha Smith born Houlton, ME (d. 1985). "America's Goodwill Ambassador" to USSR during Cold War; as ten-year-old, wrote to Soviet leader.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1909 Gandhi welcomed to London by Emmeline Pankhurst, whose nonviolent tactics he admired.
1909 Suffragists marched and broke government windows for the first time.
1951 Chicago Peace Conference of Women.
1951 International Labor Organization Convention on Equal Pay for Women signed.
1976 Trial of women who invaded Larzac base; Marisette Tarlier got 15 days prison.
2005 WILPF nominated 1,000 women for Nobel Peace Prize.
2010 Nigerian women marched to Parliament to protest suspension of Doris Uboh.
2015 In Sarajevo, a Bosnian court levied the first-ever reparations for rape, totaling €15,000.