September 7

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1877 Jeanne Melin born Carignan, Ardennes, France (d. 1964). French novelist and poet; absolute pacifist and feminist; co-founder WILPF; opposed both World Wars and Cold War; founded Association for Peace through Law 1901; advocated peace education 1907; ran for President 1947.

  • 1897 Lenore G. Marshall born New York, NY (d. 1971). Jewish novelist, poet and pacifist leader of American Friends Service Committee; co-founded SANE 1956; WILPF activist. Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize supports world peace 1975.

  • 1913 Valerie Taylor born Aurora, IL (d. 1997). Lesbian poet and novelist; Socialist; Quaker pacifist; active in WILPF; early protests against Vietnam War.

  • 1933 Ela Bhatt born Ahmedabad, India. Indian lawyer; Gandhian leader of SEWA women's social service organization; won Alternative Nobel Prize 1984; Niwano Peace Prize 2010; Indira Gandhi Peace Prize 2011; co-founded Women's World Banking 1979.

  • 1964 María Fernanda Espinosa Garces born Salamanca, Spain. Poet and diplomat. Ecuadorian Foreign Minster, 2007; UN Ambassador, 2008-11; Ecuadorian Defense Minister, 2012-present. Closed US base at Manta, 2007; as Permanent Representative to UN, opposed responsibility to protect, 2008; as Defense Minister, promised to close half of military bases and turn them into public places like parks, 2014.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1931 Chinese literary scholar Low Kuang-lai became the first non-European woman delegate to the League of Nations.

  • 1968 American women's movement re-ignited in 200 woman protest Miss America contest Atlantic City.

  • 1975 First call of UNIFEM to change lives of women in lesser developed lands.

  • 1996 Wendy Leitner and Claire Miller arrested in Norfolk, VA for protest launching carrier H.S.Truman. "Love your enemies—Don't prepare to kill them!"

  • 2007 Tina Richards arrested at White House for Iraq War protest.