Women peacemakers born today
1739 Rebecca Jones born Philadelphia, PA (d. 1818). Quaker schoolmistress 1761-84; traveling minister and philanthropist who worked for Indian rights; opposed all wars and slave trade.
1862 Ella Reeve Bloor born Staten Island, NY (d. 1951). "Mother Bloor." American Socialist, and Communist party founder who opposed both World Wars, but changed views 1941; led counseling of conscientious objection in first war; nearly arrested for antiwar stand; led US delegation to Women’s International Congress Against War and Fascism Paris 1934.
1867 Käthe Kollwitz born Königsberg, E. Prussia (d. 1945). “Mother of Expressionist Artists.” German anti-war artist.
1882 Mary Agnes Hamilton born Withington, Manchester, England (d. 1966). Suffragist; pacifist opposed to WWI. Member of Parliament, 1928-31; delegate to League of Nations 1929-30; advocated League sanctions on Italy, 1935. BBC broadcaster on politics for women.
1886 Frances Witherspoon born Meridian, MS (d. 1973). Absolute pacifist; Christian Socialist; suffragist; co-founded Anti-Enlistment League 1915, and War Resisters League 1923; poet and playwright; Lesbian partner of anti-war leader Tracy Mygatt; early member of Women's Peace Party, WILPF and FOR, SANE.
1945 Micheline Calmy-Rey born Chermignon, Sion, Valais. First woman Swiss Foreign Minister 2003, second female President 2007; Social Democrat; member Council of Women World Leaders; co-author of UN report on "The Future We Want", Global Sustainablility 2012.
1948 Ruby Sales born Jemison, AL. American theologian and nonviolent historian who organized SNCC protests; arrested at age 17 during civil rights movement; jailed six days 1965 Hayneville AL, nearly escaping assassination; founded Spirit House 2001 promoting nonviolence.
1952 Marianne Williamson born Houston, TX. Founded Peace Alliance for U.S. Department of Peace; Unity church minister and spiritual adviser.
1961 Nadine Bloch born Boston, MA. Nonviolent protest organizer and direct-action trainer. Helped organize anti-trade globalization WTO protests, Seattle, 1999.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1915 In The Hague, Emily Balch, Aletta Jacobs, Chrystal MacMillan, Cornelia Ramondt-Hirschmann, and Rosika Schwimmer made their final peace appeal to Dutch Prime Minister Loudon to intervene for peace.
1917 Women's Monster Peace Parade Glasgow organized by Helen Crawfurd.
1917 Emma Goldman sentenced to two years in prison for anti-conscription drive.
1983 66 women arrested in Greenham Common protests.
1998 Five women arrested for pulling up 200 genetically engineered plants at Monsanto site Watlington, Oxfordshire.
2002 Nigerian women occupied Chevron oil terminal at Escravos.
2011 Hilde Johnson of Norway appointed head of UN special mission to South Sudan.
2015 On the first anniversary of the Gaza War, Israel's Women Wage Peace began a 50-day fast—the duration of the war—for peace.