Women peacemakers born today
1839 Mina Kruseman born Velp, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1922). Pioneering Dutch feminist and pacifist; militant feminist; concert singer named "Oristorio di Frama"; grew up in Dutch East Indies; author, including book on marriage in Indonesia (1872); daughter of military officer, she opposed Franco-German war 1870 and First World War.
1867 Fannie Fern Andrews born Margaretville, Canada (d. 1950). Pioneer in American peace education. Internationalist teacher and pacifist; author, lecturer, and organizer. Founded American School Peace League, 1908; co-founded Women’s Peace Party, 1915; WILPF founding member.
1867 Katharine Glasier born Stoke Newington, Middlesex (d. 1950). British labor activist and speaker. Christian Socialist and Theosophist; later became a Quaker. opposed World War I as editor of anti-war Labour Leader, 1916-21.
1883 Serafina Dávalos Alfonze born Ajos (now Coronel Oviedo), Paraguay (d. 1957). Pioneer feminist; first woman lawyer, Supreme Court justice 1908-9; professor and founder university; founded Committee of Women for Peace 1904 trying to prevent civil war.
1895 Elsa Triolet born Moscow (d. 1970). French leader with Aragon in Resistance to Nazis; peace activist denouncing war and violence; first woman winner of Prix Goncourt 1944.
1946 Gila Svirsky born Iselin, NJ. Israeli peace activist. Co-founded B'Tselem, working for human rights in occupied territories; co-founded Coalition of Women for Peace, 2000. Has maintained a 26-year vigil since 1988 for Women in Black holding sign "End the Occupation."
1950 Edit Schlaffer born Stegersbach, Burgenland, Austria. Social scientist. Founded Women Without Borders, 2002, SAVE (Sisters Against Violent Extremism), 2008.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1839 Lucretia Mott delivered "eloquent and impressive" speech on nonviolence at meeting of Non-Resistance Society at Chardon Street Chapel, Boston.
1900 Mother Jones led 15-mile march of 2000 miners' wives, McAdoo to Coaldale, PA.
1920 In Philadelphia, one month after the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, Katharine Ruschenberger's niece rang the Justice Bell, a bronze replica of the Liberty Bell designed to remain silent until American women won the right to vote.
1991 European Peace Caravan organized by Sonja Lokar departed Trieste for Balkan war zone with 400 activists.
2010 Nasrin Sotoudeh began four-week fast in prison thru Oct. 23.
2014 Code Pink held a candlelight vigil at the White House, calling on President Obama to return his Nobel Peace Prize.