June 2

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1933 Esther Chávez born Chihuahua, Mexico (d. 2009). Human rights activist. Began campaign against murder of women in Juárez, 1992. Founded Casa Amiga shelter, 1999. Awarded National Human Rights Prize, 2008.

  • 1937 Rosalyn Higgins born London, England. Professor of international law, expert on terrorism and UN peacekeeping. First woman justice of International Court of Justice (ICJ); president of ICJ, 2006-09.

  • 1945 Zuleikhan Bagalova born Kara-Balta, Kazakhstan. Leading Chechen actress and director. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

  • 1947 Sajida Abdulvahabova born Azerbaijan. Professor, Baku University, promoting peace journalism.

  • 1972 Mandira Sharma born Baglung, Nepal. Nepali lawyer and human rights activist. Founded Advocacy Forum to protest government abuses of its opponents in civil war, 2001. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005; received Human Rights Watch Defender Award, 2006.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1873 First Mothers' Day: Mothers' Peace Day celebrated Constantinople, Rome, Geneva, London, New York and many US cities on inspiration of Julia Ward Howe.

  • 1876 Lucretia Mott delivered her speech "A Warlike Spirit" at Women's Peace Festival, Philadelphia.

  • 1987 Katya Komisaruk trashed NAVSTAR military computer at Vandenberg airbase.

  • 1915 In Berne, Jane Addams and Aletta Jacobs made personal appeal to Swiss Foreign Minister Hoffman and President Motta to intervene for peace.

  • 1915 In Stockholm, Emily BalchChrystal MacmillanCornelia Ramondt-Hirschmann, and Rosika Schwimmer personally appealed to Swedish Foreign Minister Wallenberg to intervene for peace.

  • 2014 Gender & Militarism: Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace, Cape Town, South Africa.