Women peacemakers born today
1515 Teresa of Avila born Avila, Castile (d. 1582). Spanish mystic and preacher.
1822 Mary Ann McClintock born Philadelphia, PA (d. 1884). Quaker nonviolent resister. Co-founded Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1833. Organized Seneca Falls Convention with Jane Hunt, Lucretia Mott, Martha Coffin Wright, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1848.
1903 Eugenia Morariu born Kassa, Hungary (d. 1977). Romanian-Hungarian Esperantist. Dedicated herself to spreading Esperanto as a universal language, to bring all people closer.
1948 Loreta Navarro-Castro born Malabon, Manila, Philippines. Pioneer of national peace studies. Founded Center for Peace Education. Secretary of Philippine Council for Peace and Global Education. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.
1957 Raya Kadyrova born Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz peacemaker. Oversaw tolerance education project for UN High Commissioner of Refugees, 1993. Founding president of Foundation for Tolerance International (FTI), 1998.
1959 Laura Chinchilla born Carmen Central, San José, Costa Rica. First woman president of Costa Rica, 2010-14. Under her leadership, Costa Rica became second nation to ban nuclear weapons, 2011.
Women's peacemaking on this day
1915 In The Hague, Kathleen D’Olier Courtney put forth the International Women’s Peace Initiative at the first WILPF Women’s Conference.
1918 French school teacher Lucie Colliard sentenced to 2 years prison for pacifist teachings.
1948 Polish premiere of Wanda Jakubowska’s Auschwitz film The Last Stage.
1964 On Good Friday, eight women from the Congress of Racial Equality, including Doris Castle, were arrested for forming a “freedom ring” at Loew’s Theater, New Orleans. They remained jailed until Monday.
1968 WILPF president Dorothy Hutchinson presented her pamphlet "Proposal for an Honorable Peace in Vietnam."
1972 Vera Leff began a public campaign against nuclear weapons, later picked up by CND.
1977 Mothers of the disappeared held first rally in Plaza de la Mayo, Buenos Aires.
1986 In Kansas City, Jean Gump damaged a missile silo, for which she received a 13-year prison sentence.
1993 Susan McHugh organized Dublin peace rally of 20,000. “Enough is enough. We don’t want any more deaths. We want a cease-fire.”
1997 Hyun Sook Lee founded Women Making Peace "for the peaceful reunification of Korea… from a feminist perspective."
1998 In Reading, England, Greenham women presented World Court opinion against nuclear weapons to a British court.
2002 Meike Capps-Schubert opened Clearing Barrel GI-Café Kaiserslautern for US military resisters.
2003 In North Carolina, members of Asheville Women in Black were arrested for their Iraq War protest.
2003 In Bonn, the German Women's Security Council formed to find alternatives to Iraq War, and promote women's involvement in security issues.