Martha Larsen Jahn

Overview

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Martha Larsen Jahn born Kristiana, Norway April 17, 1875 (d. 1954). Feminist librarian; Norwegian peace leader. WILPF founding member, 1915. First president of Norwegian WILPF, 1916; board member of WILPF international, 1919-29; chair of Norwegian WILPF, 1925-34. Norwegian delegate to League of Nations, 1925-26. Gathered 80,000 signatures for disarmament, 1932. Resisted Nazi occupation; postwar opposition to nuclear weapons.

Quotations

This international Congress of Women recognizes that an international strike of women against all kinds of war can only be effective if taken up internationally. This congress therefore urges the national sections take up work for an international agreement between women to refuse their support of war in money, work, or propaganda.” (adopted WILPF congress, Vienna, 1921; photo norsk biograf lexicon)

Atifete Jahjaga

Overview

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Atifete Jahjaga born Ðakovica, Yugoslavia April 20, 1975. World’s youngest head of state, Kosovo, 2011-17; promoted peace and reconciliation.

Quotations

The power of women in the politics is a soft power. It is a positive change that our country and other countries in the region. . . are making by giving a chance to women.” (Seattle Times, Mar. 9, 2013; photo Wikipedia)

Jenny Jones

Overview

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Jennifer “Jenny” Jones born Brighton, England December 23, 1949. Baroness; archaeologist; Green politician. Deputy Mayor of London, 2002-03. Spoke at rally against Iraq war; arrested for protest at parliament, 2014.

Quotations

The police have a duty to facilitate peaceful protest in this country which people have a legal right to do, but that appears to end as soon as you come within shouting distance of the Westminster village. The people who run this country should not be able to tuck demonstrators away out of sight. Parliament needs to listen and people should have the right to get their voices heard.” (The Guardian, Oct. 21, 2014)

We heard this week from the head of the Chief of the Defence Staff, General Sir David Richards, that the war in Afghanistan is unwinnable, so the Time to Go demo will be the voice of common sense, representing the 75% of the British public which believes that the war should end now and the troops should come home.” (Green Party, Nov. 20, 2010; photo Wikipedia)

Suzanne Jabbour

Overview

Suzanne Jabbour born Ardeh, Zghorta, Lebanon September 13, 1960. Lebanese human rights activist; psychologist; co-founded Restart Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture 1996; Council of Europe North South Prize 2013; President of International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) 2012; vice chair UN committee on torture; aided refugees from Syrian war.

Quotations

[T]he abhorrent, inhuman and useless crime of torture. When victims are being tortured, they are not tortured alone; their families are tortured, torn and often irreversibly broken. When torture happens a whole society is tortured, a country is tortured, humanity is tortured.” (acceptance speech, North South Prize, 2014; photo IRCT)

Rosemarie Jackowski

Overview

Rosemarie Jackowski born Luzerne, PA March 20, 1937. Advocacy journalist and teacher. As one of the “Bennington Twelve,” arrested for peaceful Iraq War protest, Bennington, VT, 2003; conviction overturned by state supreme court.

Quotations

“My protest was really and truly one of the most difficult things I've ever done. I didn't do much, just stood in silence, but it was excruciatingly difficult to stand up to authority like that. Next time will be easier. . . I think everyone should be protesting until we get all of the soldiers home, all of them." (Times-Argus, Nov. 23, 2006; photo mwcnews)

Helen Hunt Jackson

Overview

Helen Hunt Jackson born Amherst, MA October 15, 1830 (d. 1885). Poet and author; defender of Native American rights; opposed Indian wars.

Quotations

"Wiping out the disgrace to us of the present condition of our Indians (requires that) cheating, robbing, breaking promises—these three are clearly things which must be done. . . and. . . the refusal of the protection of the law to the Indian's rights of property, 'of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.'"(Century of Dishonor, p. 342; photo NYPL wiki pd)

Betty Muther Jacob

Overview

Betty Muther Jacob born September 5, 1900 (d. 1993). Quaker "Godmother of Peace Studies" Univ. of Hawaii; founded Matsunaga Institute for Peace 1986, International Center for Democracy; assistant to executive directors of UNRRA, 1945-46, UNICEF, 1947-54.

Quotations

"Above all nations is humanity." (motto of Matsunaga Institute; photo Star Bulletin)

Aletta Jacobs

Overview

Aletta Henriëtte Jacobs born Sappemeer, Netherlands February 9, 1854 (d. 1929). First Dutch female physician; militant pacifist. Helped organize and hosted WILPF at Hague Congress, 1915.

Quotations

"Yes, the women will do it. They don't feel as men do about war. Men think of the economic results; women think of the grief and pain, and the damage to the race. If we can bring women to feel that internationalism is higher than nationalism, then they won't stand by governments, they'll stand by humanity." (1915 in Foster, Women for All Seasons pp. 16-17; 1915 photo Wikipedia)

Madeleine Jacquemotte-Thonnart

Overview

Madeleine Jacquemotte-Thonnart born Liège, Belgium June 30, 1907 (d. 2000). Belgian educator; communist resister. Committed activist; member of WILPF and League of Women Against War and Imperialism. Arrested and sent to Ravensbrück concentration camp, 1944; repatriated, 1945. Opposed wars in Vietnam, Cambodia and Nicaragua. (photo carcob.eu)

Janet Rosenberg Jagan

Overview

Janet Rosenberg Jagan born Chicago, IL October 20, 1920. Socialist; jailed for Guyana's independence, 1954; UN delegate 1993; awarded Gandhi Peace Prize, 2003; first female president of Guyana, 1997.

Quotations

"Women must join in the struggle to bring about political and socio-economic changes so that there will be equal opportunities for all, so that we can end unemployment, poverty and hunger, so that genuine democratic institutions can flourish, so that our women can be free and equal citizens in the countries in which they live." (Barbados, Sept. 1975; photo Daily Grand & Sundry)

Bianca Jagger

Overview

Bianca Jagger (née Pérez Mora-Macias) born Managua, Nicaragua May 2, 1945. Human rights activist, following Gandhi's example. Opposed US intervention in Nicaragua; opposed death penalty. Received Right Livelihood Award, 2004; World Citizenship Award from The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, 2005; Office of the Americas Peace and Justice Award, 2006; Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador.

Quotations

On the bombing of Serbia: "The killing of innocent people is always wrong." (Kurt Jacobsen interview, 2003; photo architectsofpeace.org)

Asma Jahangir

Overview

Asma Jahangir born Lahore, Pakistan January 27, 1952. Human rights leader; UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights, 2004-10. Led campaigns against domestic violence and military rule; arrested and beaten, 1983; arrested, 2004. Awarded Magsaysay Prize, 1995; awarded UNESCO/Bilbao Prize, 2010 ; Right Livelihood Award, 2014.

Quotations

"I devoted my life to marginalised and oppressed people. . . I will not be deterred." (Asianews.it, June 20, 2012)

"The parliament will have to be more forceful and also begin to realize that they [the army] can’t hold the economy of this country hostage, foreign policy hostage." (Aug. 13, 2011; 2010 photo Wikipedia)

Marie-Luise Jahn

Overview

Marie-Luise Jahn born Sandlack, East Prussia (now Sȩdławki, Poland) May 28, 1918 (d. 2010). Peace advocate; physician. Member of anti-Nazi White Rose resistance; sentenced to 12 years hard labor, 1944.

Quotations

"Our people stand ready to rebel against the National Socialist enslavement of Europe in a fervent new breakthrough of freedom and honor." (conclusion of last White Rose leaflet she distributed in Hamburg; photo Wikipedia)

Ada James

Overview

Ada Lois James born Richland Center, WI March 23, 1876 (d. 1952). Leading Wisconsin suffragist and progressive reformer. Active in WILPF, War Resisters League. Supported League of Nations. Staunch pacifist, critic of wartime work like Red Cross. Opposed both world wars; against National Guard, ROTC, and state militia.

Quotations

On the Red Cross: “[It] makes me actually sick. . . the psychology of women who respond to war work when they never are interested in other forms of patriotic service.” (Linda K. Schott, Reconstructing Women’s Thoughts, 1997, p. 71; photo Danish Peace Academy)

Selma James

Overview

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Selma James (née Deitch) born Brooklyn, NY August 15, 1930. Socialist reformer. Active in West Indian independence, 1960; first Organizing Secretary for Campaign Against Racial Discrimination, 1965; International Coordinator for grassroots women's network Global Women's Strike, who demand military budgets be returned to community starting with women via the motto: "Invest in Caring Not Killing," 2000.

Quotations

"Revolutions are notorious for allowing even non-participants—even women!—new scope for telling the truth since they are themselves such massive moments of truth, moments of such massive participation." (The Ladies and the Mammies: Jane Austen and Jean Rhys, ch. 1, 1983; photo Clarke Forum, Dickinson)

Laura Jamieson

Overview

Laura Jamieson born Park Head, Ontario, Canada December 29, 1888 (d. 1964). Judge; journalist; politician; feminist; Socialist leader of WILPF.

Quotations

"Men's predominant instinct was for struggle and competition. In women the predominant instinct is maternal and humanitarian. This quality was of such supreme value that it makes women potentially superior to males." (Vancouver Women's School for Citizenship, Susan Walsh thesis 146; 1916 photo TML Daily)