Gertrude E. Nafe born Grand Island, NE November 22, 1883 (d. 1971). Nonviolent anarchist; communist; teacher and writer; organizer for Emma Goldman. Fired from teaching position for striking “obedience” from loyalty oath, 1918.
“We do not threaten violence and never have. We prophesy that the change will not be made without the use of force and we resolve not to be deterred by that fact. Violence covers the earth at present and is the root of all governments. The only possible foundation of peace is justice.” (Socialist Review, 1919, p. 113; photo Wikipedia)