Bertha Thalheimer born Affaltrach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany March 17, 1883 (d. 1959). German politician; opposed World War I. Co-founded antiwar Spartacus League, 1915. Attended Socialist women’s peace conference, Bern, 1915. Arrested for treason, sentenced two years, 1917. Postwar Communist leader, rejecting Russian control; survived Nazi concentration camp.
“The fight for peace cannot be directly successful. It must be a struggle for the merger of the masses, for the renewal of the class struggle.” (Zimmerwald Conference, Lademacher, p. 141; photo wikicommons)