Josephine Shaw Lowell

Overview

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Josephine “Effie” Shaw Lowell born West Roxbury, MA December 16, 1843 (d. 1905). “Grand Dame of the Social Reformers.” Civil War widow; leading woman opponent of US imperialism and Spanish-American and Philippine Wars. Vice-President, Anti-Imperialist League.

Quotations

When the people of the United States consent to deprive another people of its rights and liberties, they strike a terrific blow at the foundations upon which stand their own rights and liberties. . . We paid a bitter price to free ourselves from the sin of slavery, and the nation will again pay a bitter price to free itself from the sin of empire, if, driven by fear of financial distress or lured by hope of wealth, it now deserts its ancient ideals.” (John E. Hanson bio. in Social Welfare History Project; photo Wikipedia)

Eleanor Leacock

Overview

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Eleanor Leacock born Weehawken, NJ July 2, 1922 (d. 1987). Anthropology professor; peace researcher. Antiwar, anti-imperialist, feminist, pro-indigenous rights, disarmament advocate. Humanist Marxist. Founded Anthropologists for Radical Political Action (ARPA), 1972.

Quotations

Humanity did not evolve from an innately aggressive forebear as postulated by Thomas Hobbes. By hindsight it is clear that it could not have done so. The basis for the successful evolution of human beings was the group life that both required and made possible cooperative patterns. In turn, cooperation led to and became dependent upon the development refined tools and utensils, and the elaboration of language.” (Gender in Egalitarian Societies”, online Washburn Univ; photo upclosed.com)

Divina Levrini

Overview

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Divina Levrini (née Carin Anelli) born Sweden June 24, 1979. Swedish singer; human rights activist. Seized, beaten, and deported by Israel on Boat to Gaza Al-Awda (“Return”), 2018.

Quotations

There is a genocide going on by an apartheid regime and the world must act, even if it happens in small acts like these.” (Albawba News, Aug. 5, 2018; photo freedom flotilla)

Yvonne Logan

Overview

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Yvonne Logan (née Westrate) born Holland, MI December 8, 1919 (d. 2017). Peace activist. President, US WILPF, 1981-85. Co-founded St. Louis Peace Center, 1975; it later became World Community Center, where she served as director. Led Baby Tooth Survey of nuclear fallout, 1958; AFSC draft counselor in Vietnam War. Multiple arrests for antiwar protests.

Quotations

I just got this conversion moment that I was going to spend my life on this issue, and I have.” (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Jun. 28, 2017; photo legacy.com)

Gyrithe Lemche

Overview

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Gyrithe Lemche (née Ellen Gyrithe Frisch) born Copenhagen, Denmark April 17, 1866 (d. 1945). “Moses of the Women’s Cause.” Danish novelist and suffragist. Danish delegate to Women's Peace Congress, 1915. Campaigned with women’s association for peace, 1916, and for League of Nations, 1918. Founding member of WILPF forerunner Women’s Peace Chain, 1917.

Quotations

It is not novel-writing ladies that the women’s cause needs. No, what we need are campaigners, women with intuition, prophets in women’s clothing.” (Tempeltjenere, Beth Johnson, “Moses of the Women’s Cause”, Dec. 19, 2001; photo pinterest.com)

Ulla Lindstrom

Overview

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Ulla Lindström (née Wollin) born Kungsholm Parish, Stockholm, Sweden September 15, 1909 (d. 1999). Swedish politician, school teacher, editor, and feminist. Successfully opposed acquiring nuclear weapons, 1955; Delegate to UN General Assembly, 1947-66, drafting Human Rights Declaration, anti-Apartheid; directed foreign aid “Sweden Helps”, 1953. Chair of Save the Children, 1971-89. Social Democrat only woman in cabinet, Minister of Family and Aid, 1954-66, resigned over foreign aid cut. As first minister for foreign aid, pioneered international family planning and technical assistance; nominated WILPF.

Quotations

Public opinion. . . is impatient with those paltry collection boxes at meetings about Congo refugees, lepers in Ethiopia and what-have-you. Why, it wonders, doesn’t the government give substantial aid, enough to really help? . . . The government has been sowing the wind. I have been sowing the wind. Soon we shall reap the storm.” (1960, in Tor Sellström, Sweden and National Liberation, p. 66; photo discogs)

Mia Leche Lofgren

Overview

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Mia Leche Löfgren (née Ebba Leche) born Lund, Sweden October 10, 1878 (d. 1966). Swedish pacifist author and journalist. Biographer of famous pacifists Ellen Key and Carl von Ossietsky. Vice-President of Swedish Women’s Peace League. Delegate to Women's Peace Congress, 1915, chronicled in her At the Women’s Congress, 1917. Reported on the League of Nations in Federation of Nations, 1925. Co-founder of Committee for Prisoners of War in Siberia.

Quotations

On the Hague Conference: “[F]or these women there did not seem to exist any national counterparts, they knew and thought as a world citizen. And from everyone's lips the words sounded: we do not want any other benefits for our country than those which can be won without the losses of other countries, for us exists no word for victory, as long as it means defeat to our neighbors.” (Inga-Brita Melin, Lysistrata’s Daughters, p. 145; photo wikipedia)

Helen Lauritzen

Overview

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Helen Lauritzen born November 27, 1937. Founded Seattle Peace Choir in opposition to the Cold War, 1983. Friendship trips to USSR, 1985, 1988; Chile, 1995; Cuba, 1999; Venezuela, 2007.

Quotations

The Seattle Peace Chorus began in 1983. It was a time of growing concern about the nuclear arms race. Through our songs, we urged people to build a world of greater understanding and cooperation. . . it was obvious we both believed in the power of music to move the human spirit.” (1985 interview, Peace Song; photo Peninsula Daily News)

Tamara Lorincz

Overview

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Tamara Lorincz (née Moday) born Edmonton, Alberta, Canada March 17, 1959. Canadian peace leader; member of national board Canadian Voice of Women, WILPF, Pugwash Group. Co-founded Vancouver Island Peace & Disarmament Network, 2016.

Quotations

NATO is a wrecking ball. . . a transatlantic alliance that violates international law and undermines the UN. Since the end of the Cold War, NATO’s military interventions have fueled instability and insecurity in Eastern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.” (Chronicle Herald, Apr. 25, 2019; photo Balsillie School)

Odette Laguerre

Overview

Odette Laguerre (née Garin de Lamorflin) born Constantinople, Ottoman Empire November 7, 1860 (d. 1956). French secondary school headmistress; author and journalist. Militant suffragist; pacifist; antimilitarist. Founding Secretary, International League of Mothers and Teachers of Peace (LIMEP), 1928. Published “For Peace: Historical Lectures for Elementary Instruction”, 1905.

Quotations

“[Feminism is] an impulse for justice that tends to equalize the rights and responsibilities of man and woman. . . feminism is not only an impulse for justice, but for liberty that marks the end of the reign of Man, or what Jules Bois calls anthropocentrism.” (What is Feminism?, 1905)

Yanghee Lee

Overview

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Yanghee Lee born Seoul, South Korea July 24, 1956. Korean human rights expert; psychology professor. Founded International Child Rights Center; Chair of UN Committee on Rights of the Child, 2007-11; Vice-Chair of National Committee for Peace Reunification; Special Rapporteur of UN Human Rights Commission on Rohingya, 2017.

Quotations

Time is of the essence ever more so in Myanmar now!” (to UNHRC, Oct. 30, 2017; photo UNICEF)

Mehrezia Labidi

Overview

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Mehrezia Maїza Labidi born El Meziraâ, Hammamet, Tunisia December 17, 1963. Tunisian politician. Vice-President, Tunisian Assembly, contributing to new constitution, 2011. Named Honorary President, Religions for Peace, 2015.

Quotations

The use of nuclear weapons and even their possession is not consistent with our religious values, moral principles, and the humanitarian law. We pray for us and for all humanity to find the wisdom and courage to banish for all time these instruments of destruction.” (Resource Guide on Nuclear Disarmament; photo Wikipedia)

Gerd von der Lippe

Overview

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Gerd von der Lippe born Norway November 16, 1942. Norwegian professor of sports sociology; feminist and journalist. Organized Gaza Freedom Flotilla Coalition (FFC); arrested by Israel in international waters aboard Al-Awda (“Return”), 2018.

Quotations

The UN has stated that the Israeli blockade is a 'violation of international law' . . . The most important work for the FFC is to end the illegal Israeli blockade of Gaza. Two million Palestinian people there are living in hell in the largest detention centre in the world. The Israelis are conducting a mass psychological experiment and this is a global crime, which the FFC continues to fight against in a non-violent way.” (Memo: Middle East Monitor, Aug. 28, 2018; photo twitter.com)

Scarlett Lewis

Overview

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Scarlett Lewis born Fayetteville, AK June 19, 1968. Founded Choose Love movement in response to murder of her 6-year-old son in Sandy Hook school massacre, 2012.

Quotations

My message has been the same for five years. This is what I’ve been doing consistently, since a few weeks after Jesse’s murder. It all started when I found a message that Jesse had left on the chalkboard in our kitchen. I found it a few days after his murder. He had written three words: 'nurturing healing love.' I knew immediately that if Adam Lanza, our shooter, had been able to give and receive nurturing, healing love, that the tragedy never would have happened. I knew it would be my mission in life to spread this message.” (The Atlantic, Mar. 28, 2018; photo Seattle Times)

Margaret Laurence

Overview

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Margaret Laurence (née Jean Margaret Weymss) born Neepawa, Manitoba, Canada July 18, 1926 (d. 1987). Canadian author and peace activist. Leader of Project Ploughshares & Operation Dismantle against cruise missiles; Director of Energy Probe on nuclear power 1982-85. Publicly rebuked Prime Minister Trudeau for US military overflights. Co-founded Arts for Peace; sympathetically portrayed life in Ghana and Somaliland.

Quotations

And may we learn
We are one People
In our only home
Earth. Amen.

(“Prayer for Peace”; portrait by Lezley Davidson)

Belle Case La Follette

Overview

Belle Case La Follette born Summit, WI April 21, 1859 (d. 1931). Progressive lawyer, suffragist and journalist; co-founded Women's Peace Party 1917, WILPF 1915, Women's Committee for World Disarmament 1921, National Council for Prevention of War 1921; opposed US entry into World War I, conscription and Espionage Act.

Quotations

To the Senate, citing Lincoln's words about the government of for and by the people: "Are not women people?" (1913; photo Wikipedia)

Leonie La Fontaine

Overview

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Léonie La Fontaine born Brussels, Belgium October 2, 1857 (d. 1949). Belgian feminist; pacifist; WILPF founding member.

Quotations

"A lame peace would only cause new wars in a short time. I hope that the women of all the neutral countries see the dawn in each country a great demonstration in favor of Peace, and when Peace is signed all the women of the belligerent countries will join to create a formidable League which will not cease to work for universal Peace, and universal disarmament!" (April 26, 1915; http://bit.ly/wXsIZv)

However, a day will come, and we do so strongly hope so, that women are called to stand besides men. On that day, and we are convinced of it, war will become impossible. On that day, militarism and imperialism will stop and we will be able to write in golden letters on the walls of our parliaments: ‘The United States of Europe.’ (Vrouwen in de Geschiedenis van Belgie—Google Arts & Culture, thanks to Sofia Sitvast; photo Wikicommons)

Gloria La Riva

Overview

Gloria La Riva born Albuquerque, NM August 13, 1954. Peace and Freedom presidential candidate 2016, winning 60,990 votes; Peace and Freedom candidate for Calif. Governor 1994, 1998; strongly opposes US militarism and wars.

Quotations

The wars waged by the U.S. in Korea, Vietnam, Central America, and the Middle East have all been wars of aggression. . . the Guantánamo prison and military base must be immediately shut down.”

A socialist government would take the initiative to dismantle all nuclear weapons. Its foreign policy would be based on friendship, self-determination, and solidarity with other countries rather than the current one of threats and aggression against many countries. I call for the dismantling of the military-industrial complex, stop the sales of weapons around the world, end U.S. aid to Israel and support the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, including the right of return.” (interview, Oct. 10, 2016, Independent Political Report; photo peaceandfreedom.org)