Josephine “Effie” Shaw Lowell born West Roxbury, MA December 16, 1843 (d. 1905). “Grand Dame of the Social Reformers.” Civil War widow; leading woman opponent of US imperialism and Spanish-American and Philippine Wars. Vice-President, Anti-Imperialist League.
“When the people of the United States consent to deprive another people of its rights and liberties, they strike a terrific blow at the foundations upon which stand their own rights and liberties. . . We paid a bitter price to free ourselves from the sin of slavery, and the nation will again pay a bitter price to free itself from the sin of empire, if, driven by fear of financial distress or lured by hope of wealth, it now deserts its ancient ideals.” (John E. Hanson bio. in Social Welfare History Project; photo Wikipedia)