Amelia Earhart

Overview

Amelia Earhart born Atchison, KS July 24, 1897 (d. 1937). Famous aviator; lifelong pacifist. After seeing a Canadian soldier amputee, she volunteered as nurse in World War I, 1918. Promoted peace on national speaking tours.

Quotations

I realized what world war meant, instead of new uniforms and brass bands I saw only the results of a four years’ desperate struggle; men without arms and legs, men who were paralyzed and men who were blind.” (Rose Duncan blog, Dec. 2, 2009; photo National Postal Museum)

Crystal Eastman

Overview

Crystal Eastman born Marlborough, MA June 25, 1881 (d. 1928). Pacifist Socialist; feminist attorney; founded Woman's Peace Party 1915; co-founded American Union Against Militarism 1914; co-founded National Civil Liberties Bureau (CLB), predecessor of ACLU 1917; stopped war with Mexico.

Quotations

"People acting directly. . . stopped that war, and can stop all wars if enough of them will act together and act quickly. . ." (Suggestions to AUAM, 1916-7; photo Wikipedia)

Shirin Ebadi

Overview

Shirin Ebadi born Hamadan, Iran June 21, 1947. Nobel Peace Prize 2003 for human rights of women and children. Iranian justice.

Quotations

"Since the advent of Islam. . . Iran's civilization and culture has become imbued and infused with humanitarianism, respect for the life, belief and faith of others, propagation of tolerance and compromise and avoidance of violence, bloodshed and war." (Nobel Address, Nov. 10, 2003; photo Nobel)

Annevig Schelde Ebbe

Overview

Annevig Schelde Ebbe born Århus, Denmark August 6, 1983. Danish actress; peace activist; sang in mass protest against Iraq War 2001; second-generation peacemaker, daughter of WILPF president.

Quotations

Just as the war against Afghanistan was, any war on Iraq would just be a comma in the great history of colonialism and globalization and economic interests that ravage out there no matter what.”

I want to sing a song for you there

Is about what it's about

To live and love, and really think

Is not that we are here for?

(War and Peace, No. 1, 2003, p.17); photo Andreas Bergman.dk)

Joan Ecklein

Overview

Joan Ecklein (née Levin) born July 4, 1935. Professor of Sociology, University of Massachusetts; peace activist; author. Expert on community organization. Co-founded Women's Strike for Peace, opposing Vietnam War and nuclear weapons, 1961. Co-president of WILPF Boston. Led Raging Grannies' protest activity of knitting net around Army tank.

Quotations

The United States government must not escape responsibility for the horrible carnage wrought upon Iraq. The people of this country, who have borne the cost of the war and its aftermath, must demand nothing less than a full accounting and full compensation by our government for the disaster that lingers after the withdrawal of most U.S. forces. It is a matter of basic morality.” (Peace & Freedom, Spring 2012, p. 11; photo webforgirls.net)

Anna B. Eckstein

Overview

Anna B. Eckstein born Coburg, Saxony, Germany June 14, 1860 (d. 1947). German-American peace leader; Boston teacher who collected 6 million signatures for peace on eve of World War I.

Quotations

"Mutual pledge of the 44 nations to respect, as inviolable, every nation's fundamental factors of life and natural liberty. . . [T]o adjust all international interests by treaty, and by arbitration reduce the necessity of armaments." (petition in Swarthmore Peace Coll., Eckstein; photo landesbibliothek-coburg.de)

MacGregor Eddy

Overview

MacGregor Eddy born March 30, 1949. Nurse and antiwar protester. Member of WILPF, the War Resisters League, and the Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space. First protested against Vietnam War, 1965. Protested Gulf War, 1991, Iraq War, 2003. Arrested for nuclear missile protest, Vandenburg AFB, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2011.

Quotations

"I'm not telling people to get arrested or hurt. But if people aren't willing to take risks for peace, war will always win." (July 3, 2003, Monterey County NOW)

In the presence of this terrible wrong we must take a stand and bear witness. . . From my experience in the Vietnam war I know it makes a difference. I'm not asking people to think like me, but by my actions I am making people think about what is going on." (March 27, 2003, Monterey County NOW; photo catholicworkernews)

Marian Wright Edelman

Overview

Marian Wright Edelman born Bennettsville, SC June 6, 1939. Led Mississippi voter registration 1964-6; first Black woman admitted to state bar. Executive committee Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee 1961-3; Active promoter of nonviolence; Schweitzer Prize 1988; Merton Prize 1990; founding president of Children's Defense Fund 1973.

Quotations

"You really can change the world if you care enough. You have an obligation to change it. You just do it one step at a time." (Kauffman Foundation interview; photo Childrens Defense Fund)

Donna Edwards

Overview

Donna Edwards born Yanceyville, NC June 28, 1958. Co-founder and first Director of National Network to End Domestic Violence, 1976; US Congresswoman for Maryland 2008-present. Arrested for civil disobedience in Darfur protest, 2009.

Quotations

"I will continue to be an outspoken voice to end the war in Iraq. The way forward is to start a diplomatic offensive in the region and begin to withdraw our troops now. We need a political solution, not a military solution." (Nov. 4, 2008; photo Wikipedia)

Marjorie Swann Edwin

Overview

Marjorie Swann Edwin (née Schaffer) born Cedar Rapids, IA February 15, 1921. Quaker peace activist for seven decades. New England director of AFSC; founder of CORE; Coordinator of New England Committee for Nonviolent Action. Helped organize Omaha Action against nuclear missiles, Quebec-Guantanamo Walk, Polaris Action, San Francisco-Moscow Walk. First arrested at British Embassy in Washington DC over protest against Gandhi's imprisonment; later imprisoned for six months for civil disobedience. During one jail term, underwent 22-month liquid-only fast.

Eileen Egan

Overview

Eileen Egan born Pontypridd, Wales December 27, 1911 (d. 2000). American nonviolent peace leader; opposed nuclear weapons; promoted refugee relief during WWII; founded Pax Christi, 1972; supported Martin Luther King, Jr. and Cesar Chavez.

Quotations

"You can take course after course of so-called theology and never hear the message. at the heart of Christianity—the message of Jesus, which is indiscriminate love." (photo pbs.org)

Barbara Ehrenreich

Overview

Barbara Ehrenreich born Butte, MT August 26, 1941. PhD biologist; feminist and activist; Democratic Socialist; columnist who opposed Vietnam War and wrote important book Blood Rites on the nature of war 1997.

Quotations

"Dissent, rebellion, and all-around hell-raising remain the true duty of patriots." (The Worst Years of Our Lives, 1991; photo New York Times)

Anne H. Ehrlich

Overview

Anne H. Ehrlich born Des Moines, IA November 17, 1933. Environmental scientist. With her husband Paul, co-authored works on overpopulation and environment.

Quotations

Even if only key military sites of a major power were targeted in a modest sized attack, the civilian population would nevertheless suffer millions of prompt casualties from blast, fire, and radioactive fallout. . . 5 to 12 percent of its population—some 12 to 30 million in either case—could be killed by immediate effects. . . In the event of a full-scale nuclear war…the outlook for humanity’s future would be much bleaker than it is today.” (with John W. Birks “If Deterrence Ails: Nuclear Winter and Ultraviolet Spring”, Hidden Dangers: Environmental Consequences of Preparing for War, 1990, pp. 138, 140; photo Stabroek News)

Ingrid Eide

Overview

Ingrid Eide born Oslo, Norway July 12, 1933. Norwegian sociologist, co-founder of International Peace Research Institute; UN official 1987-93; member of parliament; founded No to Nuclear Weapons.

Quotations

"The opposite [of war] would be community, co-operation and trust, skills in non-violent conflict management, the ability and will to (re-)construct and to preserve." (Tromsø, May 6, 2000; photo prio.no)

Elisabeth Eidenbenz

Overview

Elisabeth Eidenbenz born Wila, Zürich, Switzerland June 12, 1913 (d. 2011). Swiss humanitarian; teacher; aided children refugees from Spanish Civil War 1937; established maternity refuge France 1939; aid to Jewish women in World War II won Righteous Among the Nations award 2002.

Quotations

"They called me and I went. I did not think much of it. It was fortunate to be able to do what had to be done.” (EcuRed: Eidenbenz)

"My greatest satisfaction is that motherhood will become an island of peace in the midst of the hell of war; in an oxygen cylinder to pull forward, to continue living." (1325 Mujeres Tejiendo la Paz; photo sapiens.cat)

Riane Eisler

Overview

Riane Eisler (née Tennenbaum) born Vienna, Austria July 22, 1931. American cultural historian; peace educator, author Educating for a Culture of Peace 2002.

Quotations

I pray for a world where we live in partnership rather than domination; where 'man's conquest of nature' is recognized as suicidal and sacrilegious; where power is no longer equated with the blade, but with the holy chalice: the ancient symbol of the power to give, nurture, enhance life. And I not only pray, but actively work, for the day when it will be so.” (The Chalice and the Blade, 1989; photo saiv.org)

Kajsa Ekis Ekman

Overview

Kajsa “Ekis” Ekman born Stockholm, Sweden July 25, 1980. Swedish feminist journalist; illegally seized on high seas by Israeli navy aboard “Marianne”, imprisoned a week in Israel for Freedom Flotilla III nonviolent protest, 2015.

Quotations

"I'm hoping that the Israelis actually understand that it would create a lot of more goodwill for them if they actually let the boats through, because there's no reason for them not to do that. It's counterproductive in the end. . . I think they've totally lost common-sense here, because really it's not a threat to bring in medical equipment, to bring in medicine, to bring in solar panels." (Al-Jazeera, June 19, 2015; photo leapardforlag.se)

Lijon Eknilang

Overview

Lijon Eknilang born Rongelap, Marshall Islands March 1, 1946 (d. 2012). International advocate against nuclear weapons; victim of hydrogen bomb testing; suffered eight miscarriages. Testified at World Court, 1995.

Quotations

"My purpose for travelling such a great distance to appear before the Court today, is to plead with you to do what you can not to allow the suffering that we Marshallese have experienced to be repeated in any other community in the world. While no government or other organization can fully restore the health of the Marshallese people or our environment, steps can be taken which will make it less likely that the same kinds of horrors will be experienced again. I know first-hand what the devastating effects of nuclear weapons are over time and over long distances, and what those effects mean to innocent human beings over several generations. . . The story of the Marshallese people since the nuclear weapons tests has been sad and painful." (November 14, 1995; photo optimalprediction.com)

Florence Eldridge

Overview

Florence Eldridge March (née McKechnie) born Brooklyn, NY September 5, 1901 (d. 1988). Celebrated actress, co-founder Congress of American Women (CAW) 1946 opposing Cold War, NATO and a-bomb; CAW was condemned as "Communist hoax" by Congressional un-American activities committee; leaders included wife of Republican governor Gifford Pinchot and Susan B. Anthony II.

Quotations

"[I]n view of the war danger fomented by American monopolists, American women bore a special responsibility. It stressed the need to mobilize the broadest sections of women to fight for peace. The convention demanded that the atom bomb should be outlawed. . . and the Atlantic Pact be annulled." (report of founding convention in House, "Report on Congress of American Women." p. 63, 1949; photo Wikipedia)