Lucy Gardner

Overview

Lucy Gardner born Leeds, England April 25, 1863 (d. 1944). Quaker peace leader; founding secretary Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) 1914; Secretary Conference on Christian Politics, Economics and Citizenship (COPEC) 1924, influential ecumenical pacifist Christian socialist body; sponsor of American Alice Paul as head of Charity Organization Society London 1907; edited FOR magazine Reconciliation; founder International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) 1919.

Quotations

On suffragists destroying property: “It is very inconvenient to have our letters destroyed and to feel a sense of insecurity with regard to our property; it is distressing to read of women who are rightly and suitably punished for making war upon our material possessions, having so little sense of the justice of their punishment that they prefer to starve rather than submit. . . But what if, in some sense, they are right? What if they see more deeply into the heart of things than those of us who are content to give—not ourselves—but what we can spare easily from our normal life? What if they are the prophets and have a vision of a world redeemed by suffering and selflessness that we have not?” (The Friend, 1913, p. 573, in Pam Lunn, “You Have Lost…” 1997, p. 46)

Elizabeth Gaskell

Overview

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Elizabeth Gaskell (née Stevenson) born Chelsea, London, England September 29, 1810 (d. 1865). British novelist who opposed US Civil War.

Quotations

"Conquering the South won't turn them into friends. . . Compelling them implies the means of compulsion. You will have to hold them in subjection by force, i.e by military occupation. . . Shall you not have henceforward to keep a standing army?" (June 10, 1861, in Letters, p. 265; 1851 portrait by George Richmond, Wikipedia)

Francoise Gaspard

Overview

Françoise Gaspard born Dreux, Normandy, France June 7, 1945. French feminist sociologist; Socialist Deputy in parliament 1981-8; French representative to UN commission on women 1998-2000; expert on UN Convention on Status of Women CEDAW 2001; sponsor French decade of Culture of Peace and Non-violence, national human rights commission.

Quotations

"Isolation and boycott measures were taken against South Africa during the apartheid period, women’s rights are Human Rights, therefore such measures must be imposed." (Anne Rapin interview; photo politiquemania.com)

Nicola Geiger

Overview

Nicola Geiger born Germany August 3, 1920 (d. 2006). Buddhist Peace activist; joined White Rose resistance to Hitler; lost husband and 2 babies in World War II; raped at end of war Berlin 1945; turned to life of peace: aided postwar refugees; helped Korean survivors of Japanese occupation, and Hiroshima victims; opposed Marcos regime in Philippines; sat-in segregated restaurants; 8 years at Resource Center for Nonviolence Santa Cruz; opposed Vietnam War; active in Women Strike for Peace and WILPF.

Quotations

"The work I did was because I wanted to be in this world. I wanted to live in that light which takes away the occasion of all wars cruelty and control." (Gabriel Constans, "Finding Peace in Hell", Angie’s Diary; quote and photo angiesdiary.com)

Inge Genefke

Overview

Inge Genefke born Copenhagen, Denmark July 6, 1938. Danish doctor; rehabilitater of torture victims; won Right Livelihood Award, 1988.

Quotations

"The most essential purpose of torture is not to gather information and evidence, no, the most essential purpose is the most evil in the world: to break down a personality, to destroy an identity, you could call it: to kill a soul. And to use it is worse than murder." (Right Livelihood Award acceptance speech, Dec. 9, 1988; photo Right Livelihood)

Lindsey German

Overview

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Lindsey German born Ewell, Surrey, London, England May 13, 1951. British peace leader; socialist; opposed wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Gaza; ran twice for mayor of London, 2004, 2008. Co-founded and served as convenor of Stop the War Coalition, 2001; sponsored the largest British public demonstration in history under the slogan "No war on Iraq—Freedom for Palestine," 2003.

Quotations

"The conflict in Syria and Iraq has been much worsened by Western intervention, both overt and covert. . . The same is true in Afghanistan and Libya. We are seeing now just what a terrible price is being paid by the people of the region. NATO is promising us more of the same, this time in the heart of Europe." (Morning Star, August 30, 2014; photo Wikipedia)

Annick Girardin

Overview

Annick Girardin born St. Malo, France August 3, 1964. French politician. Member of National Assembly, 2007-14. Junior Minister for Development, 2014-present. Promoted Mali peace, 2015.

Quotations

“There is no alternative to the peace process. . . Long live the peacemakers! Long live peace in Mali!” (May, 21, 2015; photo diplomatie.gouv.fr)

Francoise Giroud

Overview

Françoise Giroud (née France Gourdji) born Lausanne, Switzerland September 21, 1916 (d. 2003). French feminist writer; journalist and politician; arrested and imprisoned for resistance to Germans 1943-4; founded weekly L'Express1953, opposing colonial wars in Indo-China and Algeria; headed Action against Hunger 1984; first French Minister of women's affairs 1974.

Quotations

"That first Express, Indochina and Algeria was a journal of criticism: A fighting journal! Fight against the war in Indochina, then fight against the war in Algeria." (l’Express interview, June 3, 1999: photo senat.fr)

Johanne Reutz Gjermoe

Overview

Johanne Reutz Gjermoe born Bergen, Norway January 4, 1896 (d. 1989). Norwegian economist, peace activist; delegate to League of Nations 1935-8; expelled from Labour Party for postwar anti-militarism; WILPF leader; co-chair of Middle East peacemaking mission 1967; awarded King’s Gold Medal for peace work; educated at Quaker Woodbrooke Academy; scholar of altruist sociologist Sorokin.

Quotations

The stopping of the conflict at this time must not lead to the perpetuation of the dispute, but to a permanent solution with peace and justice.” (WILPF, “Search for Peace in the Middle East,” 2000)

Barbara Gladysch

Overview

Barbara Gladysch born during bombing of Düsseldorf, Germany October 25, 1940. Founded Mothers for Peace, 1981; founded Children of Chernobyl, 1986; offered aid to refugees of Balkan wars; peace mission to Chechnya, 1996; recipient of Sean MacBride Peace Award, 1999.

Quotations

"We have no enemies. We are declaring peace on all countries. Children all over the world are our children. Mothers all over the world are the same; we are equal. We are declaring peace on everyone." (WILPF Peace Women Across the Globe, bios)

"My utopia is that we, mothers, we, women, would be able to keep our sons away from military service, no matter in which part of the world they are supposed to fight." (Ibid; photo 2010 taz.de)

Katharine Glasier

Overview

Katharine Glasier (née Conway) born Stoke Newington, Middlesex, England September 25, 1867 (d. 1950). British labor activist and speaker; Christian Socialist and Theosophist who became a Quaker; opposed World War I as editor of anti-war Labour Leader 1916-21.

Quotations

"Liberty grows with love, and that therefore life is love's child." (Jan. 13, 1893; photo Spartacus Educational)

Ellen Gleditsch

Overview

Ellen Gleditsch born Mandal, Norway December 29, 1879 (d. 1968). Norwegian radiochemist, nuclear scientist, student and colleague of Marie Curie; “peace activist” co-founder WILPF The Hague 1915; member of UNESCO predecessor League of Nations Committee of Intellectual Cooperation, concerned with assisting refugees; briefly arrested for WWII resistance; active in founding UNESCO 1946: Norwegian commission to control atomic bomb 1952; Oslo Conference Against the Spread of Nuclear Weapons, 1961.

Quotations

[T]o work with students is to work for the future. It is the student today who will continue our work tomorrow. It is youth working together, intellectually and internationally, we must build on.” (Rayner-Canham, Devotion to their Science, p.68; photo muv.uio.no)

Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin

Overview

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Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin born Geneva, Switzerland May 24, 1826 (d. 1899). Pioneer Swiss feminist, pacifist; co-founder of the first international women's peace society, International League for Peace and Freedom 1868; founded first international women’s association, Association Internationale des Femmes 1868; began journal United States of Europe advocating abolition of standing armies.

Quotations

"I am confident that we will emerge victorious one day of our struggle that has no other purpose than to make sure all the reign of justice, freedom, education and happiness for all that is human." (Swiss Confed. bio.; photo memreg.ch)

Claire Goll

Overview

Claire Goll (née Aischman) born in Nuremberg, Germany October 29, 1890 (d. 1977). Franco-German pacifist; poet and novelist; journalist; opposed World War I.

Quotations

"The man was the brain, but women were the heart of the world. And yet we were silent. . . We bear the greater guilt." ("The Wax Hand", 1918, in Ingrid Sharp "Blaming the Women"; photo Jewish Women Ency.)

Jane Goodall

Overview

Jane Goodall born London, England April 3, 1934. Primatologist and animal rights activist; Gandhi-King Award for nonviolence 2001; UN Messenger for Peace 2002; International Peace Award 1999.

Quotations

"We humans, therefore, have a choice ahead of us, we don't have to go the aggressive route. We can push and push and push towards love and compassion. That is where I believe human destiny ultimately is taking us." (Reason for Hope, 1999; photo Wikipedia)

Eva Gore-Booth

Overview

Eva Gore-Booth born Lissaway, Sligo, Ireland May 22, 1870 (d. 1928). Irish pacifist poet and dramatist; suffragist; WILPF member. Published essay on nonviolence during World War I, 1915; wrote nonviolent play "Fionavar".

Quotations

"[U]nless we make some vital change in our way of looking at life, every step in our advancing knowledge of science is a new danger for the human race, and that perfection in that knowledge might really and practically work out at the wiping out of humanity itself." (Religious Aspects of Non-Resistance, 1915; photo spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk)

Hildegard Goss-Mayr

Overview

Hildegard Goss-Mayr born Vienna, Austria January 22, 1930. Nonviolent peacemaker; honorary president of International Fellowship of Reconciliation; trained nonviolent revolutionaries in Madagascar and Philippines, 1986. Awarded Kreisky Human Rights prize, 1979; recipient Niwano Peace Prize, 1991; Nobel Prize nominee: 1979, 1987, 1995.

Quotations

"If I continue to live, I must give my life so that violence may be conquered." (Levellers blog, Dec. 27, 2006; photo http://bit.ly/AxTSag)