Ernestine von Furth

Overview

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Ernestine von Fürth (née Kisch) born Prague, Austro-Hungary October 5, 1877 (d. 1946). Austrian feminist and suffragist. Founded New Vienna Women’s Club for suffrage. Led movement to end World War, 1917.

Quotations

This longing of the Austrian women for a negotiated peace was expressed by a considerable number of rallies which the General Austrian Women’s Union convened in the last weeks [of December 1917]. These gatherings took place in different districts of Vienna, and everywhere they were so crowded that hundreds of persons who wanted to get in had to be refused.” (Geraldine Ludbruck, Living War, Thinking Peace, p. 182; photo ofra)

Mari Fitzduff

Overview

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Mari Fitzduff born Northern Ireland March 15, 1947. American-Irish professor of social psychology. Founded Northern Ireland Conflict & Mediation Association, 1987. Peace trainer and Director Northern Ireland Community Relations Council, 1990-97; leading to peace settlement, 1998. Director, UN/INCORE United Nations Ulster University Conflict Resolution Program, 1997-2003. Founding Director, Conflict and Coexistence Program, Brandeis University, 2003. Worked in Palestine.

Quotations

However bloody it gets, you must talk.” (Times Higher Education, July 5, 2005; photo hellerbrandeis.edu)

Francesca Fiorentini

Overview

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Francesca Fiorentini born Rome, Italy July 21, 1967. Argentine-Italian antiwar journalist, comedian, and actress. Editor of War Resisters League magazine WIN: Through Revolutionary Nonviolence; War Times/Tiempo de Guerras.

Quotations

[W]ork against war and militarism rooted in a ‘race, class and gender’ analysis is needed more than ever.” (War Times, Sep. 30, 2014; photo sksketchfast)

Ruth St. John Freeman

Overview

Ruth St. John Freeman born Hemlock, NY April 18, 1918 (d. 1988). Quaker pacifist; first woman professor at Cornell. National President, WILPF, 1953-55; fought charges of communist influence. Called for nuclear abolition; co-authored two pamphlets against conscription, 1945. Endowed internship at War Resisters League.

Quotations

Since Quakers are devoted to ‘peace’ in the absolute, have issued many statements against war in any form, and early refused to profit from war or believe that war could accomplish any desired end, it could be expected that they would speak for peace even in the midst of war.” (“Quakers and Peace”, p. 57)

Joy First

Overview

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Joy First born July 28, 1955. Peace protest organizer. National Campaign for Nonviolent Resistance; placed cardboard tombstones in Senators offices protesting war deaths, 2007; White House protest Afghan War, 2009; sentenced 100 days probation for CIA protest, 2013; arrested for protesting drones at Volk AFB. Went on 90-mile Walk for Peace, 2015.

Quotations

[I]t is more important than ever that we speak the truth about what is happening in the wars in Iraq, Pakistan, and Yemen, in the drone warfare program, and in looking at ways in which the climate crisis is exacerbated by the military. . . Mother Earth is Weeping: The US Military must stop environmental suicide.” (Wisconsin Network for Peace, Apr. 27, 2015; photo host.madison.com)

Ethel Froud

Overview

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Ethel Elizabeth Froud born Maidstone, Kent, England April 11, 1880 (d. 1941). British trade unionist; feminist; militant suffragist. Founded and headed National Union of Women Teachers, 1917-40. Promoted education for peace.

Quotations

Deeds, not words.”

The dreams of those that labour are the only ones that ever come true.” (Ox. Dict. Biog.; photo Wikipedia)

Connie Frazer

Overview

Connie Frazer born Coventry, England September 18, 1925 (d. 2002). Australian poet and peace activist; feminist; democratic socialist. Founded Women Against Nuclear Energy (WANE), 1980; Women for Survival, 1983. Began antiwar protest against Vietnam War, 1970. Co-founded Green Left Weekly.

Quotations

the flesh-tearing hooves
under which we fell; the fused halves
of the mounted-monster man-horse, ancient
oppressor raised tall above us. . .
When there were protests, always
they brought out the horses.

(“Police Greys”)

Adele Faccio

Overview

Adele Faccio born Pontebba, Udine, Italy November 13, 1920 (d. 2007). Radical Italian reformer; partisan resister WWII. Icon of reproductive freedom. Arrested for abortion protest, 1975. Parliamentary delegate of nonviolent Gandhian Radical Party, 1976-83, 1987-92. Co-founded anti-militarist League for Disarmament, 1978.

Quotations

All children are born doing ue ue, but you are born screaming no!” (Corriere della sera, Feb. 10, 2007; photo dat.camera.it)

Mildred Osterhout Fahrni

Overview

Mildred Osterhout Fahrni born Rapid City, Canada January 2, 1900 (d. 1992). Gandhian; Socialist; absolute pacifist; friend of Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. Leader of FOR and WILPF; opposed World War II; worked with pacifist Dukhobors.

Quotations

"Love is the Basis of World Peace" (Dukhobor Inquirer, Nov. 1952; photo http://bit.ly/zmwMWb)

Frances Farenthold

Overview

Frances “Sissy” Farenthold (née Tarlton) born Corpus Christi, TX October 2, 1926. Politician, lawyer, peace activist; opposed Vietnam War 1969, as only Texas legislator to reject commending Johnson; President Wells College 1976-80; active in aid to El Salvador 1982; leader of Third World Women’s Project; solidarity visits to women’s peace camps Greenham, Comiso, Seneca 1983; sponsored Peace Tent Nairobi 1985; arrested for trespass at South African consulate Houston for Apartheid protest 1985; co-founded Women for a Meaningful Summit 1986; member WILPF, winning its Jane Addams Award 2000; opposed Iraq War, torture.

Quotations

On Nixon’s war, 1973: We cannot remain a free republic at home and an arrogant empire abroad.”

Feminist logic expands the meaning of logic in that it involves persons and the human context in its knowing. It also honors such non-logical faculties as imagination, vision, and emotion. There is a woeful lack of imagination in U.S. foreign policy. Imagination invites one to envision possibilities other than the status quo. We have had the expansion of 'respectable thought' to include imagination and vision. Actually, they offer the world peace in the only place it can begin:  the heart, the mind, and the dream.” (“Women’s Search for Peace”, 1988, Univ. Iowa archives; photo law.utexas.edu)

Shirley Farlinger

Overview

Shirley Farlinger (née Tabb) born Toronto, Ontario, Canada January 24, 1930 (d. 2012). Canadian peace activist; poet and playwright; leader in Canadian Voice of Women (VOW), Pugwash Science for Peace; an editor Peace Magazine.

Quotations

There are so many people of good will around the world and so many difficulties to be overcome that I think we will eventually see the end of war.” (McMaster Univ. presentation, Nov. 11, 2002; photo humphreymiles.com)

Marge Farmer

Overview

Marge Farmer (née Marjorie A. Squire) born September 29, 1928. Montessori teacher; founded Comité Hispano Montessori, Omaha, NE. Established Fundacion Corazon (Foundation with a Heart), Nicaragua; offered aid to Central American war refugees; participated in civil disobedience against SAC.

Quotations

"We have no children, but hope that our progeny will be peace, justice and love in the world." (War Resisters League 1991 Calendar, July 28; port. by husband, Bill, timmcmahan.com)

Mia Farrow

Overview

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Mia Farrow born Los Angeles, CA February 9, 1945. American actress and humanitarian. As UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, active in campaign for African children’s welfare, 2000. Campaigned against Darfur war, 2007; offered herself in exchange for captive UN worker, 2007. Narrated documentary on reconciliation in Rwanda As We Forgive, 2009; undertook 12-day fast for Darfur, 2013.

Quotations

I am therefore offering to take Mr Jamous's place, to exchange my freedom for his in the knowledge of his importance to the civilians of Darfur and in the conviction that he will apply his energies toward creating the just and lasting peace that the Sudanese people deserve and hope for.” (Aug. 6, 2007; photo Wikipedia)

Margarethe Fass-Hardegger

Overview

Margarethe Fass-Hardegger born Bern, Switzerland February 20, 1882 (d. 1963). Swiss union organizer. Militant feminist, anti-militarist, and suffragist. Co-founded Socialist League. Led first women’s strike. Arrested twice for advocating birth control; sentenced to one year in prison. Founded three anarchist communes. Advocated abolition of Swiss army.

Quotations

I devoted myself to a single purpose: Together with like-minded comrades to build this new society—to show you how to live together, cooperating without a wage system, without suppression—just in freedom.” (Farewell speech to union, March 31, 1909; photo margarethe-hardegger.ch)

Klara Marie Fassbinder

Overview

Klara Marie Fassbinder born Trier, Germany February 15, 1890 (d. 1974). German radical pacifist; author; educator. Fired by Nazis for opposing anti-Jewish policies; fired by postwar government for opposing rearmament. Proponent of German reunification; co-founded West German Women’s Peace Association, 1952. Opposed both World Wars, Cold War policies, nuclear stockpiling, and the Vietnam War.

Jennifer Fasulo

Overview

Jennifer Ann Fasulo born Schenectady, NY February 12, 1967 (d. 2010). Human rights activist; opposed wars in Middle East; supported women of Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan. Co-founded Solidarity with Organization of Women's Freedom in Iraq (SOWFI), 2004.

Quotations

"Where is the outrage at the crimes against women's humanity that are being promulgated all over the world and bolstered by U.S. aggression and occupation?" (letter to WBAI, April 24, 2004; photo Bataille Socialiste)

Crystal Bird Fauset

Overview

Crystal Bird Fauset born Princess Anne, MD June 27, 1893 (d. 1965). First female Black state legislator in US 1938; founded Africa House New York, c. 1955; co-founded UN Council of Philadelphia; headed American Friends Service Committee section of interracial section 1927.

Quotations

"[My purpose is] in having people of other racial groups understand the humanness of the Negro wherever he is found." (blackpast.org; photo Wikipedia)