Jackie Cabasso

Overview

Jacqueline "Jackie" Cabasso born New York September 10, 1952. Anti-nuclear weapons activist; speaker at NGO conferences on nuclear weapons in China, Brazil, Israel, India. NGO representative to international conferences, 1991-2014. A "founding mother" of Abolition 2000 Global Network to Eliminate Nuclear Weapons, 1995. Worked with World Court Project on legal status of nuclear weapons, 1995. Core organizer of 40,000-person New York No Nukes! No Wars! March, May 1, 2005; led International Conference for a Nuclear-Free, Peaceful, Just and Sustainable World, NY, 2010. Arrested 50+ times for nonviolent resistance in protest of American nuclear weapons at locales including Livermore Lab, Nevada Test Site, and the White House. Received Sean MacBride Peace Prize, 2008.

Quotations

"[G]lobal elimination of nuclear weapons is an imperative for our collective survival. And we know that the 'ultimate' elimination of nuclear weapons will never happen unless we demand it now." (Common Dreams, Nov. 25, 2008)

Alicia Cabezudo

Overview

Alicia Cabezudo born Rosario, Argentina October 22, 1957. Leading international peace educator; Italian professor in Argentina; vice-president International Peace Bureau 2010-16.

Quotations

Peace is not only defined as absence of war and conflict. It is also a dynamic concept that must be apprehended in positive terms linked to the pursuit of social and economic justice in which everyone plays an active part. It represents an everyday attitude of nonviolent rebellion, of peaceful dissent, a firm determination to defend human rights and human dignity.” (“State of Peace Report” 2012; photo ethicseducation)

Berta Cáceres

Overview

Berta Cáceres born La Esperanza, Intibucá, Honduras March 4, 1973 (d. 2016). Indigenous Lenca environmental activist. Led nonviolent fight against Gualcarque dam; awarded Goldman Environmental Prize, 2015.

Quotations

Let us wake up, humankind! We’re out of time. We must shake our conscience free of the rapacious capitalism, racism and patriarchy that will only assure our own self-destruction. . . Our Mother Earth, militarized, fenced-in, poisoned, a place where basic rights are systematically violated, demands that we take action. Let us build societies that are able to coexist in a dignified way, in a way that protects life. Let us come together and remain hopeful as we defend and care for the blood of this Earth and of its spirits.” (2015; quote and photo Democracy Now!)

Mary S. Calderone

Overview

Mary Steichen Calderone born Paris, France July 1, 1904 (d. 1998). Quaker Medical Director of Planned Parenthood 1953; founded SIECUS Sex Info & Education 1964; American pioneer in sex education; lifelong absolute pacifist.

Quotations

"One hardly thinks of Friends, men or women, as revolutionaries and, in truth, their outer demeanor, comportment, and life style have tended to be quite conservative. But on major social issues—slavery, peace, alternative service during war, religious ecumenicism, racial equality—on such issues Quaker concern and conscience come on strong. Quaker voices are usually heard loud and clear ‘speaking truth to power.’" (Friends General Conference, "Friends and Womankind," 1996; photo Wikipedia)

Helen Caldicott

Overview

Helen Caldicott born Melbourne, Australia August 7, 1938. Physician led international opposition to nuclear tests 1971; co-founded Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament (WAND) 1980; active in Physicians for Social Responsibility which won Nobel Prize 1985.

Quotations

"As a doctor, as well as a mother and a world citizen, I wish to practice the ultimate form of preventive medicine by ridding the earth of these technologies that propagate disease, suffering, and death." (Nuclear Madness, 1978; photo wic.org)

Mary Whiton Calkins

Overview

Mary Whiton Calkins born Hartford, CT March 30, 1863 (d. 1930). Pacifist; professor of psychology and philosophy; first female president of the American Psychological Association. Member of Fellowship of Reconciliation; member of WILPF. Defended Sacco and Vanzetti in print; advocated pacifism in World War I; believed in the ethical duty of loyalty to the universal community.

Micheline Calmy-Rey

Overview

Micheline Calmy-Rey born Chermignon, Sion, Valais July 8, 1945. First woman Swiss Foreign Minister 2003, second female President 2007; Social Democrat; member Council of Women World Leaders; co-author of UN report on "The Future We Want", Global Sustainablility 2012.

Quotations

"[F]or the majority of conflicts, the most sustainable solution is a negotiated one rather than a military victory. And for the international community it makes more sense and is more cost effective to invest in the mediation and prevention of conflicts rather than in expensive and difficult peacekeeping operations." (UN General Assembly, Sept. 21, 2011; photo de.Wikipedia)

Bhikaji Cama

Overview

Bhikhaji Cama (née Patel) born Mumbai, India September 24, 1866 (d. 1936). Indian independence leader; unfurled first tricolor flag at Socialist conference Stuttgart 1907; anti-imperialist; banned from India, arrested in France for antiwar activity 1914; interned 1916; nonviolent, but accepted resistance to violence; did relief work against the plague, which she caught 1896.

Quotations

Work for Indian's freedom and independence. When India is independent women will not only [have] the right to vote, but all other rights.” (Geraldine Forbes, Women in Modern India, p. 100; photo Wikipedia)

Amanda Camilo Ibarra

Overview

Amanda Camilo Ibarra born Putumayo, Colombia April 17, 1972. Peacemaker coordinator of Peaceful Route of Women.

Quotations

"We women of Colombia, we will not continue giving birth sons and daughters for war!" (“Mujeres valorosas,” June 21, 2011)

War made us booty, as victims, our families torn away, it drove us out of the land, and we inherited despair and tears. Women opted for political negotiation, because we paid too high a price for the violence, war and injustice. It is essential work to rebuild the social fabric." (“Putamayo gives homage to women victims”, Oct. 8, 2010; photo DW.com)

Kay Camp

Overview

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Kay Camp (née Katherine Lindsley) born Mt. Kisko, NY July 10, 1918 (d. 2006). Quaker International president of WILPF 1974-80; led opposition to Vietnam War and nuclear weapons; first meeting of Russian and American women 1961; led delegation to Vietnam for Vietnamese women peace agreement 1971; led human rights visit to Chile 1974; US delegate to UN Disarmament meeting 1978; 3 years UNESCO commissioner 1980-2; created Stop the Arms Race (S.T.A.R) campaign 1980; war tax resister; arrested for trying to see President Reagan 1983.

Quotations

"Wars must end in the minds of women." (Peace & Freedom, p. 32, Fall 2006; photo Swarthmore.edu)

Joan Brown Campbell

Overview

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Rev. Joan Brown Campbell born Youngstown, OH November 13, 1931. Global Peace Initiative of Women, 2002; US director of World Council of Churches; peace missions to South Africa, Cuba, Serbia.

Quotations

"Compassion is a dangerous dream because it rocks the foundations of old interests and gives us new ground to stand on." (Gandhi Ashram, Penang, TED blog, Nov. 12, 2009; photo Charter for Compassion)

Clara Campoamor

Overview

Clara Campoamor born Madrid, Spain February 12, 1888 (d. 1972). Spanish feminist politician and suffrage leader. Co-founded Spanish Women’s League for Peace, 1930. Among first women elected to National Assembly, 1931. Delegate to League of Nations. Director of Public Welfare, 1933. Active in League of Women Against War and Fascism, 1933. Exiled by fascist Franco regime, 1936.

Quotations

“You have the right given you by law, the law that you created, but you do not have Natural Law, the fundamental right that is based on respect for every human being, and what you do is wield power; let women show and you'll see how that power can not go on being denied.” (Oct. 1, 1931 to National Assembly; photo nodo50.org)

Sharon Capeling-Alakija

Overview

Sharon Capeling-Alakija born Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada May 6, 1944 (d. 2003). Director of United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) 1989-94; Director of UN Volunteers 1998ff; Canadian volunteer teacher in Tanzania and Barbados 1964.

Quotations

"All of us. . . know about the positive energy that can be set free when lives are touched by people who care. . . Care is at the core of the concept of community." (Aug. 23, 2001, UN Volunteers; photo Univ. Sask.)

Claudia Cardinale

Overview

Claudia Cardinale born La Goulette, Tunis April 15, 1938. Italian film actress. UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Women’s Rights, 2000; Ambassador for Water Day, 2006.

Quotations

How can we ensure peace on earth? First, by managing our resources wisely. . . Good actions and wise choices lead to better options and open other avenues because they are embarked on with love, and once love is awakened, it cannot be hampered—it consumes everything.” (Cathy Lee, The Future of Drylands, pp. 37-38; photo Wikipedia)

Rachel Carey-Harper

Overview

Rachel Carey-Harper born San Jose, CA November 25, 1950. Quaker; founder of Clothesline Project against violence towards women, Hyannis, 1990.

Quotations

"A nonviolent education requires skills in conflict resolution that benefits not only our relationship to other countries but most important, our relationship to each other. It develops attitudes and behaviors that foster constructive problem solving and truth. . . an anti-war perspective deserves at least equal weight to the one that advocates killing, destruction and propaganda." (draft minute re: Beth Verani, June 24, 2010)

Estela de Carlotto

Overview

Estela Barnes De Carlotto born Buenos Aires, Argentina October 22, 1930. Recipient of UN Human Rights Award, 2004; president of Grandmothers of the Plaza of May.

Quotations

"I wonder myself why I deserve to receive this recognition if I do what I must, which my heart dictates. . . the love, the resistance, the obstacles, the conviction, the commitment, the challenge." (Barcelona Oct. 4, 2005; photo cerro mercedario Feb. 15, 2010)