Emily Frost Phipps

Overview

11.07 phipps crop.jpg

Emily Frost Phipps born Devonport, Devon, England November 7, 1865 (d. 1943). English barrister, teacher, and headmistress. Militant suffragist. Boycotted census by overnighting in sea cave, 1911. Opposed World War I with Women’s Freedom League. Ran for Parliament on antiwar platform, 1918.

Quotations

Many women had determined that since they could not be citizens for the purposes of voting, they would not be citizens for the purpose of helping the government to compile statistics: they would not be included in the Census Returns.” (wikpedia; photo womwnofeastbourne)

Anna Parnell

Overview

05.13 parnell.jpg

Anna Parnell born Rathdrum, Wicklow, Ireland May 13, 1852 (d. 1911). Irish nonviolent independence leader. Co-founded Ladies’ Land League, which encouraged women to boycott and refuse land rent, 1881. Influenced nonviolent leader Michael Davitt.

Quotations

I consider the actions of particular individuals are unimportant in history, while the actions of groups, classes, etc are most important, because the former are not met again, and the latter are. I don’t mean, of course, that the actions [in themselves] are unimportant, only that it does not matter what particular individual does them, except insofar and he or she represents a number of persons.” (to Helen Molony, Jul. 7, 1910, in T. W. Moody, “Anna Parnell”, Hermathena, Summer 1974, p. 12; photo Wikipedia)

Michelle Parlevliet

Overview

09.27 parlevliet crop.jpg

Michelle Parlevliet born Almelo, Netherlands September 27, 1971. Professor of Conflict Resolution and Human Rights, University of Amsterdam. Advisor to World Bank (Indonesia) and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 1996, 1998. South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, 1997; Centre for Conflict Resolution in South Africa, 1999-2005; Conflict transformation adviser for Denmark in Nepal civil war, 2006-09.

Quotations

“Human rights violations do not only result from destructive conflict, but may also give rise to such conflict, both latent and manifest. Rights violations can trigger unrest and violence in the short and in the long term, when rights are denied over a sustained period.” (“Human Rights and Peacebuilding: Complementary and Contradictory, Complex and Contingent”, Journal of Human Rights Practice, Nov. 2017, pp. 333–57; photo University of Amsterdam)

Betty Polster

Overview

02.28 polster.jpg

Elizabeth “Betty” Polster  (née Henshaw) born PA February 28, 1925 (d. 2015).  Quaker pacifist; war tax refuser. National President WILPF, 1965-69. Moved to Canadian Argenta Quaker refuge for conscientious objectors in Vietnam War protest, 1967; attended Selma March with personal friend Martin Luther King, Jr. Active in Canadian Voice of Women (VOW); co-clerk of Canadian Friends Yearly Meeting. Principal, Argenta Friends School, 1970-80.

Quotations

“Those who protest government policies which involve us in war, which one believes to be wrong, are not cowards or anti-American–but are preserving our democracy.” (Oct. 1965, Beth Taylor, Excepts from Plain Language;  photo Legacy.com)

Penny Patch

Overview

12.30 patch.jpg

Penelope “Penny” Patch born Manhattan, NY December 30, 1943. Civil rights worker, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), 1962-65. First white woman to work for southern voter registration, often arrested. First arrested in Maryland sit-in, 1962; took part in anti-war protests Berkeley, 1965.

Quotations

Intangible Implications of our aims and our work. . . I see it as the opening of doors to people who have always seen closed doors, seen them so much and for so long that they don't see the doors any longer.” (National Guardian, Feb. 28, 1963)

[A]ll people, however powerless they might seem, carry within themselves the ability to make great change.” (Deep in Our Hearts, p. 166; photo sistermentors)

Betty Peterson

Overview

11.27 peterson.jpg

Betty Peterson (née Farber) born Reading, PA November 27, 1917 (d. 2018). Canadian Quaker peace activist. Conscientious objector, WWI; protested Hiroshima. Moved to Canada after Vietnam War protests, 1975. Leader of Nova Scotia Voice for Peace; organized Women’s Peace Petition of 250,000, 1981. Wore t-shirt with 60 peace buttons on New York march against nuclear weapons, 1982. Protested NATO Brussels; Greenham Common; supported Innu women’s protest, Labrador, 1987. Held 88-day peace vigil against Gulf War, Halifax Library, 1990.

Quotations

Keep on keeping on. It helps you to keep your sanity, and it gives other people hope and calls them into action.” (Globe and Mail, Mar. 16, 2018; photo women social activists)

Thania Paffenholz

Overview

02.02 paffenholz.jpg

Thania Paffenholz born Cologne, Germany February 2, 1956. International peace researcher, mediator, and adviser. Director, Inclusive Peace and Transition Initiative, Geneva; founding director Center for Peacebuilding at Swisspeace, Bern. Awarded Wihuri International Prize, 2015.

Quotations

If you have a women’s only delegation at the negotiation table, these are usually the activists. From them, you can expect more [of a] push on [the] deep roots of conflict, [and] gender issues. . . [The key point], is to get these activists into positions of decision-making power, which they often do not have. More women do not equal more peace automatically. In order for inclusiveness to translate into the intended results, better peace process design and a consideration of the social, cultural context is necessary.” (International Peace Institute, Oct. 26, 2016; photo wikipedia)

Susana Pacara

Overview

Susana Pacara born Chayanta, Potosí, Bolivia May 30, 1965. Quechuan radio journalist and nonviolent organizer. Co-founded Radio Lachiwana in Cochabamba; stood up to government oppression in Coca War, 1993; organized march for dignity, 1994, national march for land and territory, 1996; fought privatization of water system by American Bechtel corporation, 2000.

Quotations

"If you're going to die, you're going to die for the cause." (Waging Nonviolence, April 1, 2014)

Biannca Pace

Overview

Biannca Pace born Rhyll, Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia March 15, 1953. First head of non-official Australian Ministry for Peace, 2005. Organized Sydney Peace Festival, 2009.

Quotations

[T]he theme this year is ‘Let Peace Prevail on Earth. . . Over the 14-hour period, Sydney will join the United Nations’ global call for ceasefire and non-violence. . . People of all ages, backgrounds, cultures and religions will hear and talk about the ideals of peace, the cost of war and celebrate the benefits of resolving disputes peacefully.” (Ministry for Peace, 21 Days, Sept 2009; photo mfpa.org.au)

Maysoon Pachachi

Overview

09.17 pachachi crop.jpg

Maysoon Pachachi born Washington DC September 17, 1947. Co-founded Act Together: Women Against Sanctions and War with Iraq, 2000. Film director and editor; documented Iraq occupation and the Algerian war.

Quotations

What people needed was justice, but they got revenge and that creates more violence.” (Financial Times, March 12, 2013)

"I think there's a difference between being an optimist and having hope. And you can't lose hope." (quote and photo The Guardian, April 30, 2009)

Sarah Saunders Page

Overview

Sarah Saunders Page born Waimea South, Nelson, New Zealand August 26, 1863 (d. 1950). New Zealand peace leader; Quaker feminist, Socialist; led opposition to conscription World War I in Canterbury Women’s Institute; led No More War movement 1930.

Quotations

Our contention is that war is all atrocity. It is the supreme national and international crime. It is the insanity of the age which regards brute force as the deciding power.” (May 17, 1916, to prime minister; quote and photo Voices Against War)

Violet Paget

Overview

Violet Paget born Boulogne, France October 14, 1856 (d. 1935). British internationalist; pacifist author under the pseudonym Vernon Lee; lesbian; suffragist. Took strong stand against WWI, joining antiwar Union of Democratic Control. Published Peace with Honour: Controversial Notes on the Settlement,which prophetically renounced reparations, 1915; The Ballet of the Nations; A Present-Day Morality, an illustrated satanic dance of war, followed by a long philosophical commentary, 1915; Satan the Waster: A Philosophic War Trilogy, 1920. Supported Hague Women's Peace Congress and the founding of WILPF, 1915.

Quotations

The flagging Dancers, the bleeding Nations, weary of that stage slippery with blood and entrails, felt the wind of the wings of Pity and Indignation; and, in its pure breath, suddenly revived.” (The Ballet of the Nations; portrait jssgallery.org)

Ana Palacio

Overview

Ana Palacio Valle Lersundi born Madrid, Spain July 22, 1948. Spanish lawyer; first woman Foreign Minister of Spain 2002-4; contributed to European Constitution; resisted Iraq War; General Counsel of World Bank 2006; member of European Parliament 1994-2002.

Quotations

"The United States has made a major mistake with Guantanamo." (Nov. 11, 2003, Telecino TV, al-Jazeera)

"One must not forget the unique role played by African women in the question of poverty eradication in Africa. In fact, African women have placed themselves in the frontline despite the many difficulties they endure." (World Bank Group; photo Wikipedia)

Grace Paley

Overview

Grace Paley born Bronx, NY December 11, 1922 (d. 2007). Pacifist author and professor; "combative pacifist and cooperative anarchist"; held one of the first meetings opposing Vietnam War in Greenwich Village; led seven-year vigil against war; peace visit to Hanoi, 1969; arrested at White House, 1978; organized Women & Life on Earth Conference, 1980; Pentagon Protest, 1980; opposed draft, nuclear weapons, Apartheid, central American intervention.

Quotations

"The education in nonviolent direct action couldn’t have been learned without a war. It had to take a war for people to learn that things could be defied and resisted. I think that was a very important legacy of the peace movement." (Nonviolent Activist March 2000; photo http://bit.ly/wRrt44)

Nela Pamukovic

Overview

Nela Pamuković born Šibenik, Croatia, Yugoslavia December 25, 1959. Croatian lesbian feminist and antiwar activist. Active in first regional nonviolence group, 1987; Antiwar Campaign of Croatia, 1991. Co-founded Centre for Women War Victims (ROSA), 1992.

Quotations

Our basic human rights are fragile, and we can lose them every day if we don’t fight. . . If we fight, we have some satisfaction that we have done some good, for the benefit of women and the rest of the population. And for us, as well—we fight for our own lives.” (Global Fund for Women; photo kerrylobel.typepad.com)

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Overview

Vijaya Lakshmi Nehru Pandit born Allahabad, India August 18, 1900 (d. 1991). Gandhian nonviolent resister, 1919; jailed for civil disobedience 1932, 1940, 1942; Vice President WILPF India chapter. First woman president UN General Assembly, 1953; ambassador to USSR, US, UK.

Quotations

"The more we sweat in peace, the less we bleed in war." (photo Wikipedia)

Farah Pandith

Overview

Farah Pandith born Srinigar, India January 13, 1968. Appointed first US State Dept. Special Representative to Muslim Communities, 2009.

Quotations

"How can we provide positive alternatives, so that a young person. . . is able to find support from those who will guide them down a nonviolent path which allows for pluralism, respect for others' views." (Fletcher School, Jan. 28, 2010; 2011 photo Wikipedia)