Alice Mary Higgins

Overview

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Alice Mary Higgins born Galway, Ireland June 17, 1975. Irish Senator who formed Oireachtas Neutrality, Peace and Disarmament group in Irish parliament.

Quotations

Ireland needs to value and reaffirm the neutrality which has underpinned our proud record of multilateralism, our historic role in disarmament and our international reputation as credible peacekeepers and peace brokers.” (July 5, 2018)

Peace building is not passive, its hard work, and Ireland is respected, credible and effective internationally. . . We are respected, introduced nuclear non-proliferation treaty, won global ban on cluster bombs, mediated in Colombia.” (Dec. 9, 2017; photo twitter.com)

Lina Haag

Overview

Lina Haag (née Jäger) born Gschwend, Baden-Württemberg, Germany January 20, 1907 (d. 2012). German resistance leader; communist. Twice imprisoned, 1933, 1933-38.

Quotations

What is the authority of the State, the power of the State? Terror. . . horror and fear of that State are its power and authority. It is true that I stood out against that power and authority.” (Sybil Oldfield, Thinking Against the Current, p. 182; photo stehsatz.com)

Nina Hagen

Overview

Nina Hagen (née Catharina Hagen) born East Berlin, German Democratic Republic March 11, 1955. German singer, songwriter, actress; “Godmother of Punk”; antiwar, anti-nuclear; active protest on Iraq War; funded Afghan relief with song of sadness.

Quotations

We are the people of a good spirit, the people of love, the people of peace and freedom. And that's what we have to fight for now, with the only weapon that is really good: with our love.” (“I prefer peace”, Feb. 2, 2002)

There's going to be a big disaster
(Nobody understands, you I hope)
Gonna be war, war number three
(Dennis, Tom)
Going to be a war, something I know it, I know already,
(Sigmund Freud, I confide)
I know it now already, I can feel it though already.
Moscow's gonna become
(One day we will be free)
Washington's going to be number two
(We will be for labor day)
Big big big big disaster's gonna come
(One day we will be free)

(“Born in Xixax”; photo pinterest)

Gisele Halimi

Overview

Gisèle Halimi (née Zeiza Gisèle Élise Taïeb) born La Goulette, Tunisia July 27, 1927. French-Tunisian human rights lawyer; feminist activist. Along with Bertrand Russell and Jean-Paul Sartre, among others, presided over war crimes tribunal, condemning American actions in Vietnam as war crimes of genocide and torture, 1967. Defended Algerian nationalist Djamila Boupacha, who had been tortured by the French, 1960. Publicly condemned Algeria War, specifically French torture of Algerian citizens, 1961. Founded feminist reproductive freedom organization Choisir, 1971.

Quotations

[W]hat is important to me: the defense of the physical and moral integrity of individuals, the rights of the human person, the fight against torture, the fight against colonialism.” (interview http://bf.8ethique.free.fr/8halimi.htm; photo mémoites algériennes.com)

Constanze Hallgarten

Overview

Constanze Hallgarten born Leipzig, Germany September 12, 1881 (d. 1969). Leading German Jewish pacifist; co-founded WILPF; leader of German Peace Cartel (DFK); organized Munich Peace Exhibition 1927; exiled by Hitler.

Quotations

"How much less dangerous way to live, to go along with the herd and thoughtless old tradition, rather than swim against the tide for ones beliefs and to become an 'outcast' with all its results." (Pacifist in Germany, 1940; photo Europeana)

Tarja Halonen

Overview

Tarja Halonen born Helsinki, Finland December 24, 1943. Pacifist; Finnish Foreign Minister, 1995-2000; active peacemaking in Northern Ireland; President of European Union, 1999; first female president of Finland, 2000; opposed military alliances incl. NATO.

Quotations

"Human rights belong to everybody—men and women, boys and girls. Nevertheless, our sisters throughout the world often have to face difficult problems in conditions of extreme insecurity. In many places, the violence experienced by women and girls in war and other conflicts is becoming increasingly serious." (June 6, 2007)

"Lasting peace can only be built through open dialogue between cultural and religious communities, in our countries and worldwide." (UN Gen. Assembly, Oct. 10, 2009; photo wiki)

Birgitta Hambraeus

Overview

Birgitta Hambraeus born April 11, 1930. Member of Swedish Parliament, 1971-98. Initiated Centre Party opposition to nuclear power 1973; third-generation WILPF member, granddaughter of founding member Ruth Randall Edstrőm. Spent seven years as head of Swedish WILPF, opposing Iraq War, 2002; environmental activist; jury member, Right Livelihood Award.

Quotations

Like many Swedes, I do believe in the good intentions and noble ideals of the United States. . . But I have been also aware that the effect impact of the U.S. foreign policy on the Third World is frequently destructive.” (“History of the Living Future Project,” p. 3; photo beta.riksdage.se)

Eugenie Hamer

Overview

Eugénie Hamer born Louvain, Belgium November 15, 1875. Belgian pacifist; journalist; from military family; co-founder of Belgian Alliance of Women for Peace through Education, 1906; WILPF founding member, 1915; inserted peace with justice into final resolution.

Quotations

"We cannot admit that peace be concluded before justice is done." (WILPF Report, 1915, p. 135)

Mary Agnes Hamilton

Overview

Mary Agnes “Molly” Hamilton (née Adamson) born Withington, Manchester, England July 8, 1882 (d. 1966). Suffragist; pacifist opposed to WWI. Co-founded and helped draft constitution for antiwar Union for Democratic Control (UDC), 1914. Published controversial novel Dead Yesterday, offering women’s view of war, 1916. Member of Parliament, 1928-31; delegate to League of Nations 1929, 1930; advocated League sanctions on Italy, 1935. BBC broadcaster on politics for women.

Quotations

Tears filled Daphne’s eyes as she thought of the hundreds of thousands of men in Europe leaving just such homes and fields. . . to go out, filled with love for them and hatred for their brothers. . . to kill and be killed; and of fields like these all trampled underfoot and stained with blood, under the same tranquil sky.” (Dead Yesterday, p. 224; photo openlibrary.org)

Ishbel Hamilton-Gordon

Overview

Ishbel Hamilton-Gordon, Lady Aberdeen (née Marjoribanks) born London, England March 15, 1857 (d. 1939). Suffragist and social activist. President, International Council of Women, which promoted internationalism and peace, 1893-99, 1904-20, 1922-36. Undertook mission to Paris Peace conference to open League of Nations staff to women.

Quotations

We women of this day are learning a new patriotism—we are learning to covet for our countries that they shall emulate one another as to which can do the most for the god of thw world, and as to which can do the most to maintain the peace of the world.” (Aberdeen. Report of Transactions of ICW, 1899, in Heloise Brown, The Truest Form of Patriotism, p. 155)

And we women to whom has been committed the trust of mothering the world must rid ourselves of fear—and unite together in all countries to protect and save the human race.” (ICW presidential address, Dubrovnik, 1936; photo thecanadianencyclopedia.ca)

Germaine Hannevart

Overview

Germaine Hannevart born Leuze, Hainaut, Belgium August 8, 1887 (d. 1977). Belgian educator, biology professor; became active pacifist after fiancé killed in WWI; militant feminist; peace missions to China and Korea.

Quotations

"[My goal is] The triumph of peace and feminism, not only in the ranks of Belgian university women, but in the whole organism." (Dict. Femmes Belges, p. 307)

"War is repugnant because it has measured all stupidity." (Revue Spirtualité, Jan. 1949; photo gendergeschiedenis.be)

Pamela Churchill Harriman

Overview

Pamela Churchill Harriman (née Digby) born Farnborough, England March 20, 1920 (d. 1997). First female American ambassador to France, 1993; first woman diplomat to receive Legion of Honor.

Quotations

“[The United States and France] have responsibilities to create a world where peace can rule.” (Time, Jul. 5, 1993; photo Wikipedia)

Agatha Harrison

Overview

Agatha Harrison born Sandhurst, Berkshire, England January 23, 1885 (d. 1954). Quaker pacifist mediator; WILPF founding member; friend of Gandhi. Took part in WILPF Peace Crusade for a “Parliament of Peacemakers,” 1928. As co-founder of India Conciliation Group, helped craft Indian independence. Quaker observer to UN General Assembly, 1950. Working towards mediation in Indochina at the time of her death.

Quotations

We knew the Cabinet Ministers personally, we had the privilege of knowing the Indian leaders, and opportunities might arise for mutual Understanding.” (Sue Smith, “Good-goody Fellows? Quakers and the End of Empire in India”; photo quakersintheworld)

Margaret Harrison

Overview

Margaret Harrison born Dumbarton, Scotland May 5, 1918 (d. 2015). British peace activist; co-founded Faslane Peace Camp 1981; arrested 14 times for nonviolent protests; began protests 1951 in CND Aldermaston March.

Quotations

So grab yer banner an’ jine the gang.
Dinna hesitate.
If we let these nukes tak ower oor world
I’m feert it’ll be too late.

(“Forty Years Well Spent”; photo telegraph.co.uk)

Marian Fleming Harwood

Overview

Marian Fleming Harwood (née Reid) born Grenoch, Renfrewshire, Scotland March 9, 1846 (d. 1934). Australian linguist, scholar, and peace activist. Co-founded Sydney Peace Society, 1907. Delegate to Stockholm Peace Conference, 1910. Founding editor of journal Pax, 1912. Supported League of Nations; quietly opposed World War I. Endowed children’s peace prize.

Quotations

[A]rms will never lead to peace, and that we must appeal to reason and justice rather than to force.” (Pax, Aug. 1914; photo dictionaryofSydney.org)

Margaret Hassan

Overview

Margaret Fitzsimmons Hassan born Dalkey, Dublin, Ireland April 18, 1945 (d. 2004). Director of CARE Iraq; opposed Iraq war; kidnapped and murdered Baghdad 2004.

Quotations

"This is a country that should be able to employ its people and give them a life like we live in the West. They know they should be living a decent life." (thinkexist.com; photo intlawgrrls.com)