June 1

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1881 Isabel Longworth born Temora, Australia (d.1961). Australian dentist. Peace activist; WILPF leader; lifelong socialist. Militant opponent of conscription during World War I. Secretary of Women’s Peace Army, 1915-19. Published pamphlet An Open Road to International Order, 1938.

  • 1893 Bertha Bracey born Bournville, Birmingham, England (d. 1989). English humanitarian. Quaker teacher and relief worker in Austria, 1921; fed children and worked for reconciliation with Germans, Nuremberg, 1921; Berlin, 1926. Founding Secretary of German Emergency Committee to help Jewish refugees, London, 1933. Set up Quaker school for 100 Jewish children in Ommen, Holland, 1934; organized Children’s Transport of Jewish children to England, 1938-39. Flew out 300 children from Theresienstadt camp, 1945. Led Allied refugee effort, 1946; Women’s Affairs for Occupation, 1946-53. Honored as “Righteous Among the Nations.”

  • 1925 Ginetta Sagan born San Colombano al Lambro, Milan, Italy (d. 2000). Human rights advocate and peace activist. Played instrumental role in growth of Amnesty International USA; founded first West Coast chapter, Palo Alto, 1969, and 75 more local chapters, 1971-74.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1660 Mary Dyer hanged on Boston Neck for Quaker witness.

  • 1915 In Christiania, Emily BalchChrystal MacmillanCornelia Ramondt-Hirschmann, and Rosika Schwimmer personally appealed to Danish Parliament leaders to intervene for peace.

  • 1975 International Feminist Planning Conference organized Cambridge MA by Patricia Burnett; through June 4.

  • 2010 Q'orianka Kilcher and mother Saskia were arrested at White House for protesting Amazon oil drilling.

  • 2010 Institute for Nonviolence & Peace Kenya and Institute for Inclusive Security to training workshop for women from the Eastern Africa.

  • 2014 Offering bread and appealing to the commander of Whiteman AFB against drones, Kathy Kelly and Georgia Walker arrested for trespassing; both given prison sentences.

June 2

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1933 Esther Chávez born Chihuahua, Mexico (d. 2009). Human rights activist. Began campaign against murder of women in Juárez, 1992. Founded Casa Amiga shelter, 1999. Awarded National Human Rights Prize, 2008.

  • 1937 Rosalyn Higgins born London, England. Professor of international law, expert on terrorism and UN peacekeeping. First woman justice of International Court of Justice (ICJ); president of ICJ, 2006-09.

  • 1945 Zuleikhan Bagalova born Kara-Balta, Kazakhstan. Leading Chechen actress and director. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005.

  • 1947 Sajida Abdulvahabova born Azerbaijan. Professor, Baku University, promoting peace journalism.

  • 1972 Mandira Sharma born Baglung, Nepal. Nepali lawyer and human rights activist. Founded Advocacy Forum to protest government abuses of its opponents in civil war, 2001. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2005; received Human Rights Watch Defender Award, 2006.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1873 First Mothers' Day: Mothers' Peace Day celebrated Constantinople, Rome, Geneva, London, New York and many US cities on inspiration of Julia Ward Howe.

  • 1876 Lucretia Mott delivered her speech "A Warlike Spirit" at Women's Peace Festival, Philadelphia.

  • 1987 Katya Komisaruk trashed NAVSTAR military computer at Vandenberg airbase.

  • 1915 In Berne, Jane Addams and Aletta Jacobs made personal appeal to Swiss Foreign Minister Hoffman and President Motta to intervene for peace.

  • 1915 In Stockholm, Emily BalchChrystal MacmillanCornelia Ramondt-Hirschmann, and Rosika Schwimmer personally appealed to Swedish Foreign Minister Wallenberg to intervene for peace.

  • 2014 Gender & Militarism: Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace, Cape Town, South Africa.

June 3

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1853 Hannah Kent Schoff born Upper Darby, PA (d. 1940). Social reformer for children's rights. Organized International Conference on Child Welfare,  Washington DC, 1908.

  • 1926 Flora MacDonald born North Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 2003). First woman Foreign Minister of Canada, 1979. Member of Carnegie Commission on the Prevention of Deadly Conflict, 1994-99. Awarded Pearson Medal of Peace, 1999.

  • 1943 Scilla Elworthy born Galashiels, Scotland. International relations scholar. Founded Oxford Research Group for peace dialog, 1982; started Peace Direct, supporting local peacemaking, 2003. Awarded Niwano Peace Prize, 2003.

  • 1954 Mariateresa Di Lascia born Rocchetta Sant'Antonio, Foggia, Italy (d. 1994) Radical Italian reformer; author. Coordinated Survival 82 international campaign against world hunger; co-founded Hunger Day in sympathy with victims of Balkan War, 1992.

  • 1955 Margot Kässmann born Marburg, Hesse, Germany. Lutheran bishop. First woman to head the German Evangelical Council, 2009; opposed German participation in Afghan War, 2009; signed German leaders’ antiwar protest, 2014.

  • 1965 Pauline Silver Acayo born Gulu-Lira borderlands, Uganda. Catholic Relief nun. Helped over 2,000 abducted children, adults, and former soldiers reintegrate into their former communities; encouraged national peace and reconciliation talks.

  • 1980 Wazhma Frogh born Kabul, Afghanistan. Afghan human rights leader. Co-founded Research Institute for Women Peace & Security-Afghanistan (RIWPS), 2013.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1903 Caroline Kauffman and Madeleine Pelletier leafleted French parliament with suffragist literature.

  • 1913 At the Epsom Derby, suffragette Emily Davison died as she attempted to grab the bridle of the racehorse Anmer, owned by King George V.

  • 1946 US Supreme Court decided 6-1 in favor of Irene Morgan's bus boycott for civil rights.

  • 1979 Gladys del Estal killed by police Tudela, Navarre as she celebrated international day of action against nuclear power.

  • 1992 Earth Summit Rio de Janeiro organized by Françoise Cestac; 180 nations, 118 chiefs of state was largest international conference to date.

June 4

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1926 Judith Malina born Kiel, Germany. American pioneer of political theater; founded Living Theater, 1947. Active in War Resisters League and Women Strike for Peace. Refused taxes for Vietnam.

  • 1940 Adelaide Aglietta born Turin, Italy (d. 2000). Politician; Gandhian disciple. Italian Radical Party Parliament delegate, 1979-85, 1987-89. Headed Green Party in European Parliament, opposing Gulf War and supporting ecological responsibility, 1990-94; member of European Parliament, 1989-99.

  • 1958 Kimberly Prost born Canada. UN Security Council Ombudsman on sanctions, 2010; judge on Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal, 2006-10.

  • 1975 Angelina Jolie born Los Angeles. Actress; anti-landmine activist. UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador, 2001.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1915 In Rome, Jane Addams and Aletta Jacobs made personal appeal for peace to Italian Foreign Minister Sonino.

  • 1966 Three Vietnamese women immolated themselves, including 27-year-old Thich Nu Dieu Tri at Dha Trang pagoda; also Thich Nu Bao Luan.
  • 1970 24-year-old Thich Nu Lien Tap immolated herself in Vietnam.
  • 1999 Navi Pillay of South Africa named President of Rwanda War Crimes Tribunal.
  • 2011 First European Slut Walk protesting sex violence, Amsterdam, 700 women; first Latin American Slut Walk, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • 2012 Jane Hirshfield dedicated poem “Benediction of Peace” at Zen Concert for Peace.

  • 2015 Lindis Percy arrested RAF Fairford for protest against US planes going to Ukraine: “WAR IS NO SOLUTION—NOT IN MY NAME.”

June 5

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1905 Mariquita Platov born Manhattan, NY (d. 2000). Nonviolent artist, poet, and playwright; founder of Greek Orthodox Peace Association.

  • 1937 Alexandra Asseily born Russia. Lebanese-British psychotherapist and author. Leader of Guerrand-Hermès Peace Foundation; member of Ara Pacis Initiative Council for Dignity, Forgiveness, Justice & Reconciliation.

  • 1939 Margaret Drabble born Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. Quaker pacifist; leading British novelist. Openly opposed Iraq War.

  • 1947 Laurie Anderson born Glen Ellyn, IL. Antiwar musician and performance artist. Spoke against the Iran-Contra Affair, the Gulf War, and the Iraq War.

  • 1947 Borka Pavićević born Kotor, Montenegro, Yugoslavia. Pacifist dramaturge who opposed Balkan wars; newspaper columnist, playwright; founded Centre for Cultural Decontamination against "nationalism, xenophobia, intolerance, hatred and fear," 1994; co-founded Belgrade Circle opposing Serbian nationalism 1992.

  • 1951 Angie Zelter born London, England. British nonviolent activist. Member of International Woman's Peace Service; Snowball Campaign. Arrested over 100 times, imprisoned 16 times. Awarded Sean MacBride Peace Prize, 1997; received Right Livelihood Award, 2001.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1660 Margaret Fell wrote first Quaker peace testimony. "We follow after those things that make for peace, love and unity. . . Our weapons are not carnal but spiritual."

  • 1916 In Chicago, the National Women's Party first convened at the Blackstone Hotel.

  • 1972 Jane Briggs Hart, wife of Michigan senator Philip Hart, refused war taxes. "I cannot contribute one more dollar toward the purchase of more bombs and bullets."

  • 1985 "Women's Alternatives for Negotiating Peace" Women's International Peace Conference held through June 9, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

June 6

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1863 Therese Schlesinger-Eckstein born Vienna, Austria (d. 1940). Austrian Socialist suffragist and social reformer. Led the opposition to World War I. First woman elected to Parliament, 1918.

  • 1889 Betsy Graves Reyneau born Battle Creek, MI (d. 1964). American portrait artist. Suffragist; jailed for suffrage protest, Occoquan Prison, 1917. Fought racism by painting portraits of eminent black leaders, 1939. Gave refuge to Jews fleeing from Hitler.

  • 1904 Helen McCloy born New York, NY (d. 1992). Journalist and author; Quaker. Wrote mystery novels under the pseudonym Helen Clarkson.

  • 1939 Marian Wright Edelman born Bennettsville, SC. First black woman admitted to state bar. Executive committee Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, 1961-63; led Mississippi voter registration, 1964-66. Founding president of Children's Defense Fund, 1973. Awarded Schweitzer Prize, 1988; Merton Prize, 1990.

  • 1949 Holly Near born Ukiah, CA. Antiwar singer. Sang against Iraq War outside White House, 2006.

  • 1952 Annette Klapstein. Attorney; environmental activist; arrested 2015 for chaining herself in rocking chair with six Raging Grannies to block Seattle oil terminal; arrested for direct action cutting Enbridge tar sands oil pipeline Leonard MN 2016.

  • 1988 Maria Alyokhina born Moscow. Russian journalist; member of punk protest collective Pussy Riot. Charged with “hooliganism,” arrested and sentenced to two years in prison for performance protest in Moscow cathedral, 2012. Protested Crimea invasion, 2014.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1916 National Woman's Party founded by Alice Paul.

  • 1955 Four Golders Green Guild women met at Vera Leff's house to plan for what became Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).

  • 1981 Maya Yang Lin won commission for Vietnam War Memorial.

  • 1984 Ellen Thomas arrested for camping outside White House; served 3-month prison term.

  • 1990 WILPF Middle East Peace Mission through 14th.

  • 2006 Swedish journalist Ingrid Segerstedt-Wiberg won €3000 suit in European Human Rights court against Swedish government for US espionage.

June 7

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1873 Amelia Collins (d. 1962). American internationalist and promoter of UN. Pacifist Baha'i leader; International Vice President, 1951; one of nine Custodians of the Faith, 1957-63.

  • 1917 Gwendolyn Brooks born Topeka, KS (d. 2000). Poet; first African-American Pulitzer Prize winner. Her early antiwar poems followed World War II, linking war to racism.

  • 1943 Nikki Giovanni born Knoxville, TN. Poet; English professor; civil rights activist. Leader of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

  • 1945 Francoise Gaspard born Dreux, Normandy, France. French feminist sociologist. Socialist Deputy in Parliament, 1981-88; French representative to UN commission on women, 1998-2000.

  • 1966 Claudia Paz y Paz Bailey born Guatemala. Law professor and criminal and human rights lawyer. First Guatemalan woman Attorney General, 2010-14. Successfully prosecuted Rios Montt for genocide, 2013. Passed two laws against violence against women. Nobel Peace Prize nominee, 2013.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1955 In Tokyo, the First Mother’s Congress convened in response to Bikini nuclear tests.

  • 1973 Pee-in at Harvard Yard led by Florynce Kennedy.

  • 1982 Die-in at London Stock Exchange by women against nuclear weapons.

June 8

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1816 Mary Lucinda Bonney born Hamilton, NY (d. 1900). Indian rights activist; circulated petition to observe treaties.

  • 1853 Alice Thacher Post (d. 1947). Editor and publisher of Chicago anti-imperialist paper The Public. Vice-president of Anti-Imperialist League.

  • 1874 Annot Robinson born Montrose, Angus, Scotland (d. 1925). British schoolmistress; Socialist labor organizer. Powerful suffragist and pacifist orator. Founding member of WILPF.

  • 1920 Ruth Steinkraus-Cohen born Cleveland, OH (d. 2002). Internationalist promoter of UN; published UN Calendar for Peace 20+ years; sponsored jUNe Day hospitality for UN.

  • 1927 Anne Marion Warburton. President, Lucy Cavendish College. First female British ambassador, 1976. Led European investigation of rape in Balkan war, 1992.

  • 1947 Jocelynne Scutt born Perth, Western Australia. Australian lawyer; feminist.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1972 Nick Ut photographed Phan Thi Kim Phuc fleeing bombs in Vietnam War.

  • 1991 Nancy Kent and Lynn Fredriksson arrested in Washington DC for stopping Desert Storm Victory Parade by climbing onto tank.

  • 1994 Graça Machel appointed by UN to report on children soldiers.

  • 1999 Three British women dismantled sub lab at Loch Gail, Scotland: Ellen MoxleyUlla Røder, and Angie Zelter.

  • 2000 Greenham fence came down, opening base for first time.

  • 2006 Haya Rashed Al Khalifa elected president of UN General Assembly.

  • 2011 Haleh Sahabi died in human rights protest, Tehran.

June 9

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1843 Bertha von Suttner born Prague (d. 1914). Author of antiwar Lay Down Your Arms, 1889; first woman to win Nobel Peace Prize, 1905. Founded Austrian Peace Society, 1891; leader at first Hague Peace Conference, 1899.

  • 1921 Myrtle Solomon born Kensington, London (d. 1987). Lesbian pacifist. Head of War Resisters International, 1975-86.

  • 1945 Marianne Laxén born Helsinki, Finland. Finnish feminist peacemaker; chair WILPF Finland; active since 1970 in peace movement (Finnish Peace Union); democratic socialist, Vice President Socialist International Women; expert in Swedish ministry of gender equality 2001-10; adviser to Nordic Council.

  • 1948 Gudrun Schyman born Tãby, Uppland, Sweden. Feminist politician; Member of parliament; led Socialist Left Party 1993-2003; founded Feminist Initiative Party 2005; opposed NATO militarization of North.

  • 1954 Elizabeth May born Hartford, CT. Canadian environmental activist lawyer. Founded anti-nuclear Small Party, 1980; sued to prevent government application of Agent Orange, 1982. Founded Sierra Club of Canada, 1989. Leader of Green Party, 2006; first Green Party member of Parliament, 2011.

  • 1957 Mara Marinaki born Thessaloniki, Greece. European Ambassador and Principal Adviser on Gender 2015; Greek diplomat; achieved 50/50 ratio of woman heads of European field missions 2016.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1872 Julia Ward Howe's first celebration of Mothers' Peace Day.

  • 1934 Mrs. Bopabandhu led women in barefoot walk for untouchables with Gandhi, at Wardha.

  • 1947 Eleanor Roosevelt convened first meeting of UN human rights drafting group at Lake Success, NY. "My most important task."

  • 1981 Meg Gage founded the Peace Development Fund.

  • 1985 Declaration of Women's International Peace Conference, Halifax. "We reject a world order based on domination, exploitation, patriarchy, racism and sexism."

  • 1993 Serb police banned Women in Black vigil, Belgrade.

  • 1994 In Belém do Pará, Brazil, the General Assembly of the Organization of American States signed the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence Against Women.

  • 2010 Diane Wilson poured oily goo on herself at US Senate hearing on BP oil spill.

  • 2015 Five Raging Grannies arrested for chaining themselves in rocking chairs to block Seattle oil terminal.

  • 2017 Canada launched Feminist International Assistance Policy.

June 10

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1976 Esther Ouwehand born Katwijk, Holland, Netherlands. Nonviolent Gandhian. Co-founder of Party for the Animals, 2002; elected to Parliament, 2006.

  • 1984 Shiva Nazar-Ahari born Tehran, Iran. Human rights activist. Repeatedly arrested; imprisoned, 2001.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1846 Lucretia Mott's speech in Exeter, England began her public peace testimony.

  • 1916 Great Women's Peace Crusade launched Glasgow by Helen Crawfurd; first women's anti-militarization campaign.

  • 1917 In Scotland, Women’s Peace Crusade began 3-week protest against World War I.

  • 1960 Canadian VOW (Voice of Women) held first meeting Massey Hall, Toronto.

  • 1980 Women Against War Forum held New York University by Women, USA led by Bella Abzug.

  • 1989 Women's Convoy to Central America left from nine cities for Texas.

  • 1992 Belgrade Women in Black: "We wear black for the death of all the victims of war. We wear black because the people have been thrown out of their homes, because women have been raped, because cities and villages have been burned and destroyed."

  • 2010 Start of 16 Days Campaign against gender violence. Center for Women's Global Leadership, Rutgers, NJ. "From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Let’s Challenge Militarism and End Violence Against Women!"

June 11

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1866 Addie Waites Hunton born Norfolk, VA (d. 1943). Black suffragist and peace activist; author and educator. Organized Pan-African Congress, 1927. Founded Women's International Circle for Peace and Foreign Relations, 1927. Served on executive board of WILPF.

  • 1880 Jeannette Rankin born Missoula, MT (d. 1973). Only congressperson to vote against both World Wars.

  • 1917 Peg Mullen born Pocahontas, IA (d. 2009). Antiwar activist and WILPF member. Mother of draftee soldier killed by friendly fire, Vietnam, 1970.

  • 1948 Sumaya Farhat Naser born Bir Zeit, Palestine. Professor of Ecology; Palestinian peace activist. Co-founder of Jerusalem Center for Women. Awarded Kreisky Human Rights Prize, 1995; Augsburg Peace Award, 2000,

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1951 Women's International Democratic Federation sent UN “J’Accuse” demand for trial of Korean War leaders as war criminals.

  • 1958 Barbara Reynolds sailed Phoenix into nuclear test zone.

  • 1982 Canadian VOW peace petition with 115,000 womens' signatures given to UN.

  • 1982 Conference on Global Feminism and Disarmament by WILPF and AFSC New York City.

  • 1987 Diane Abbott elected first black woman member of British Parliament.

  • 1993 Actress Alexandra Paul jailed 5 days for Iraq War civil disobedience. "Speak out peacefully and with respect, and our nation will remain open and free."

  • 2013 “Women in Conflict: A Close Look at Syria” WILPF forum Geneva called for end of support of warring parties.

June 12

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1802 Harriet Martineau born Norwich, England (d. 1876). "Mother of Sociology." Abolitionist; feminist; historian; transcendentalist philosopher. Early advocate of care of battle-wounded.

  • 1873 Ebba Pauli born Västerhanunge, Sweden (d. 1941). Swedish social reformer and author. Radical pacifist. Co-founded slum settlement Birkagården, 1912. Early member of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1918; work for International FOR. Co-founded pacifist League for Christian Citizenship.

  • 1892 Margaret Sturge Watts born Everton, Liverpool, England (d. 1978). Australian Quaker opponent of World War I; founding member of Australian WILPF. Founded Women's Peace Army, 1916.

  • 1913 Elisabeth Eidenbenz born Wila, Zürich, Switzerland (d. 2011). Swiss humanitarian; teacher; aided children refugees from Spanish Civil War 1937; established maternity refuge France 1939; aid to Jewish women in World War II won Righteous Among the Nations award 2002.

  • 1915 Barbara Leonard Reynolds born Milwaukee, WI (d. 1990). Quaker protester; anti-nuclear activist; tax resister. Sailed Phoenix into Eniwetok test zone, 1958; world tour with hibakusha (survivors of the atomic bombings), 1964; created World Friendship Center, Hiroshima, 1965.

  • 1929 Brigid Brophy, Lady Levey born London, England (d. 1995). British author and playwright. Feminist, pacifist, socialist pamphleteer, and social reformer. Waged vigorous public campaign against Vietnam War.

  • 1929 Anne Frank born Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1945).

  • 1929 Betty A. Reardon born Rye, NY. "The Mother of Peace Education." Pioneering peace educator. Co-founded International Institute of Peace Education, 1972; Global Campaign for Peace Education, 1999. Awarded Sean MacBride Peace Prize, 2009.

  • 1938 Robin Lloyd born Evanston, IL. Third-generation woman peacemaker, granddaughter of Lola Lloyd, niece of Georgia Lloyd; filmmaker, Quaker peace activist; WILPF 100th anniversary performance “Talking with our Grandmothers”; co-founded Burlington Peace Center; nonviolence teacher; opposed war on drugs.

  • 1969 Netsai Mushonga born Bindura, Zimbabwe. Nonviolent peace activist. Began Women Peacemakers Program (WPP) for Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1997.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1915 In Paris, Jane Addams and Aletta Jacobs made personal appeal for peace to French Foreign Minister Delcassé.

  • 1919 Costa Rican women students marched in protest that led to overthrow of dictator Tinoco.

  • 1982 Women Strike for Peace organized one million people demanding end to arms race.

  • 1993 In Sarajevo, Zainab Salbi founded Women for Women International to aid women victims of war.

  • 1997 Mary Robinson appointed UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

  • 2006 Iranian women launched campaign for gender rights.

June 13

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1812 Anne Warren Weston born Weymouth, MA (d. 1890). Co-founded first nonviolence society, Boston, 1838; proposed world's first nonviolence newspaper, The Non-Resistant.

  • 1873 Mary Emma Woolley born South Norwalk, CT (d. 1947). First American woman diplomat at major international conference, Geneva Disarmament, 1932. President of Mt. Holyoke College, 1900-32; vice-president of American Peace Society, 1907-13.

  • 1897 Mimi Sverdrup Lunden born Solund, Norway (d. 1955). Norwegian peace activist; feminist; educator, author, translator; anti-fascist 1930; promoted Nobel prize for Ossietsky; twice imprisoned WWII for aiding refugees; leader of Norwegian Peace Committee 1949; its principal delegate to International Peace Council Paris 1949.

  • 1913 Anissa Najjar (née Rawda) born Beirut, Lebanon, Ottoman Empire (d. 2016). Druze social worker and headmistress; vice-president international WILPF 1977; active in independence movement 1943-4; founding head Village Welfare Society, 1953; founding president WILPF chapter Lebanese Committee for Peace and Freedom (LCPF) 1961.

  • 1918 Margaret K. Bruce born Batley, Yorkshire, England (d. 2012). Human rights activist. Lifelong UN employee, 1946-77.

  • 1927 Simone Veil born Nice, France. "First Lady of Europe." First woman president of European Parliament, 1979; first woman winner of Charlemagne Prize for European unity and peace, 1981. Auschwitz survivor.

  • 1946 Nadia Younes born Cairo, Egypt (d. 2003). United Nations diplomat; chief of staff Iraq mission; killed in bombing UN office Bagdad; UN Chief of Protocol 1998-2002, organizing UN Millennium Summit 2000; led UN Kosovo information 1999-2001; World Health Organization External Affairs officer 2002; headed UN information office Rome 1993.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1935 "Down with guns: A martial tone against the war" article started women's unarmed revolt against war.

  • 1976 International Conference of Nonviolent Women at Les Circauds, France.

  • 1996 Four Canadian women were arrested for protesting arms fair, Toronto.

  • 2012 Kandake strong woman Friday protest of Sudanese women led to arrests.

  • 2013 Patrisse Cullors, Alicia Garza, and Opal Tometi created Black Lives Matter.

  • 2014 In Havana, 90 Ladies in White arrested for protest.

June 14

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1812 Harriet Beecher Stowe born Litchfield, CT (d. 1896). Abolitionist writer. Published Uncle Tom's Cabin, 1852.

  • 1860 Anna B. Eckstein born Coburg, Saxony, Germany (d. 1947). German-American peace leader; Boston teacher. Collected 6 million signatures for peace on eve of World War I.

  • 1934 Margaretta D’Arcy born Finsbury, London, England. Prominent Irish playwright and actress; peace activist. Member of Committee of 100, advocating civil disobedience against nuclear weapons, 1961.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1942 First UN Day chaired by Dorothy Schramm.

  • 1963 Women Against the Bomb in UK call for test ban; sent delegation to Moscow.

  • 1984 Parliament member Marilyn Waring's break with premier led to nuclear-free New Zealand.

  • 1991 First international report on women: UN "World's Women."

  • 2009 Code Pink AHAVA protest Tel Aviv in bikinis, against illegal occupation.

June 15

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1844 Charlotte Despard born Ripple, Kent, England (d. 1939). English pacifist and feminist; theosophist. Friend of Gandhi; practitioner of nonviolence. Arrested for suffrage activities, 1906-07.

  • 1913 Hania Ris born Lodz, Poland (d. 1998). Pediatrics professor, University of Wisconsin; crusader for birth control. Pacifist member of Physicians for Social Responsibility.

  • 1939 Carmen Argibay born Buenos Aires, Argentina. Argentine justice; first woman on Supreme Court, 2005. Served on International tribunals on Japanese sexual crimes, 2000; Yugoslav war crimes, 2001-05.

  • 1946 Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega born Valencia, Spain. Doctor of law; first woman vice-president of Spain, 2004. Led Socialist government to withdraw from Iraq, 2004; announced plan for Palestinian peace, 2006. Set up courts for violence against women, 2004.

  • 1953 Elizabeth Gwaunza born Zimbabwe. Judge of International Criminal Court (ICTY). Sentenced Croatian Gen. Ante Gotovina to 24 years in prison.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1917 Emma Goldman arrested for draft resistance New York City. "We oppose conscription because we are internationalists, anti-militarists. . . "

  • 1955 First Civil Defense Alert, New York City. Dorothy Day and Orlie Pell arrested for refusing to go to bomb shelter.

  • 1993 Global Campaign for Women's Human Rights peaked at UN Human Rights Conference Vienna.

June 16

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1873 Ottoline Morrell born Marylebone, London, England (d. 1938). British pacifist. Leader of Bloomsbury group opposed to World War I. Gave farm work to conscientious objectors.

  • 1880 Alice Bailey born Manchester, England (d. 1949). Esoteric teacher, promoter of UN. Founder of World Goodwill, 1932.

  • 1909 Dorothy Schramm born Tilton, NH (d. 2006). Early leader in American promotion of UN; chaired first UN Day 1942.

  • 1915 Elizabeth Wyckoff born New York (d. 1994). Poet; professor of Greek at Bryn Mawr College and Mt. Holyoke University. Freedom Rider; rode on Trailways bus from Montgomery to Jackson, MS, where she was arrested, 1961.

  • 1944 Marian Kramer born Baton Rouge, LA. Civil rights leader; co-chair National Welfare Rights Union; CORE staff in 1960s; arrested for NOW civil rights protests; Black women delegate to Beijing conference; delegate Seventh Pan African Congress Uganda 1994; arrest for Detroit water as human right protest 2014.

  • 1973 Federica Mogherini born Rome, Italy. Youngest woman to become Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2014; second woman to serve as EU High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, 2014.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1972 Women and children ringed US Congress protesting Vietnam War.

  • 1987 Brundtland Report "Our Common Future" adopted by UN Environmental Program.

  • 2006 Alicia Bárcena-Ibarra appointed Chief of Staff of UN Secretary General.

  • 2015 In Denton, TX, 92-year-old blind woman Violet Palmer arrested at fracking protest.

June 17

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1591 Anne Hutchinson born Alford, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1643). Dissident American preacher. Questioned treatment of Indians and women; tried in Boston for disturbing the peace, 1637; banished, 1638.

  • 1922 Ruth Chalmers. Director of Jane Addams Peace Association (JAPA), education wing of WILPF, 1948-1990.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1974 WILPF Conference Birmingham, England.

  • 1987 Six "Pele" Women sentenced 6 months in prison plus $485 for entering Nevada Test Site.

  • 2002 Diane Wilson began fast against Dow Seadrift in Texas.

  • 2004 Linda Ronstadt evicted from Las Vegas hotel for anti-Iraq War statement.

  • 2010 Peruvian Women stage Tejidoton knitting "Scarf of Hope" to protest disappearances.

  • 2011 Ladies in White begin protests for Cuban political prisoners Santiago de Cuba.

  • 2011 Radhika Shingwekar organized first slut walk in Asia, Bhopal "The Pride Stride for Women."

  • 2017 Women’s March to Ban the Bomb New York City to support UN prohibition.

June 18

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1838 Dikka Møller born Østfold, Norway (d. 1912). Norwegian peace activist. Founded Norwegian Peace Association, 1895. Important contributor to peaceful separation from Sweden, 1905.

  • 1865 Jeanne Carolina van Lanschot Hubrecht born Breda, Netherlands (d. 1918). International pioneer in mental health nursing. Helped organize International Women's Peace Conference, The Hague, 1914. Advocated an end to war as an alternative to war nursing.

  • 1867 Rosa Genoni born Tirano, Italy (d. 1954). Famous Italian style designer. Took unusual Italian stand against war. As WILPF delegate, visited heads of state to call for an end to World War I, 1915; got Pope's support.

  • 1911 Ingrid Segerstedt-Wiberg born Lund, Sweden (d. 2010). Swedish internationalist journalist. Member of Parliament, 1958-70. Headed Swedish UN Association.

  • 1925 Carmel Budiardjo born London, England. Human rights activist. Founded TAPOL (Political Prisoner), 1973. Imprisoned by Indonesia, 1968-71; exiled. Received Right Livelihood Award, 1995.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1873 Susan B. Anthony convicted of voting, fined $100.

  • 1916 National Women’s Trade Union League sent delegation to President Wilson approving WILPF’s peace proposals at The Hague.

  • 1983 Second American Peace Camp, Puget Sound Peace Camp set up at Boeing plant, Kent, WA.

  • 2013 Sharon Dolev arranged historic meeting of peace activists with Israeli Knesset.

  • 2015 International Peace Institute issued report, “Reimagining Peacemaking: Women’s Roles in Peace Processes”.

June 19

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1889 Adela Pankhurst Walsh born Chorlton, Cheshire, England (d. 1961). Australian pacifist Socialist opposed to both World Wars; Women's Peace Army opposing conscription 1915; jailed for protest against food prices 1917-8; interned 1941 for opposition to World War II; anti-imperialist; motto of Women's Peace Army: "We War Against War."

  • 1864 Mabel Wing Castle born Providence, RI (d. 1950). Founder and first chair of Jane Addams Peace Association (JAPA) 1948.

  • 1907 Ana Figueroa Gajardo born Santiago de Chile (d. 1970). Known in Chile as "The Woman"; Chilean diplomat, suffragist and professor of English; Delegate to UN 1950; first woman to chair a major UN committee, Social, Humanitarian and Cultural, 1951; first woman on Security Council 1952; first woman Assistant Director of ILO 1960.

  • 1923 Eleonore Romberg born Münich-Ramersdorf (d. 2004). German sociology professor: independent Green party member of Bavarian parliament 1986-90; headed German WILPF; twice international leader of WILPF Vice pres. 1972-4, President 1986-92; Bavarian Peace Prize; International Peace Woman award 2004.

  • 1945 Aung San Suu Kyi born Rangoon, Burma. Politician; human rights advocate. Lived 15 years under house arrest as political prisoner. Received Sakharov Prize, 1990; Nobel Peace Prize, 1991; Nehru Award 1992.

  • 1957 Anna Lindh born Enskede, Sweden (assassinated 2003). Swedish Foreign Minister 1998-2003, pushed European unity; opposed Iraq War and Israeli policy toward Palestinians; peacemaker in Macedonian crisis 2001; she had been active opponent of Vietnam War, Apartheid and arms race.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1926 10,000 women marched to Hyde Park, London on Peacemakers Pilgrimage.

  • 1975 First major international Women's Conference, Mexico City.

  • 1990 Act-up protest at Immigration Service, New York City against exclusion of HIV positive persons led by Amy Bauer.

  • 2000 Three women arrested for cutting wire at US base Menwith Hill, Yorkshire.

  • 2008 Security Council resolution 1820 on Women, Peace & Security demands end of sexual violence in war.

  • 2015 Musqueam First Nation activist Audrey Siegl confronted Shell Arctic drilling rig in a small boat. “I stand with indigenous women from around the world to say ‘no more.’

June 20

Women peacemakers born today

  • 1743 Anna Laetitia Barbauld born Kibworth-Harcourt, Leicestershire, England (d. 1825). English poet; schoolmistress. Wrote against slave trade and war.

  • 1874 Maria Verone born Paris (d. 1938). French feminist and pacifist lawyer, journalist and editor; first woman to plead before French appeals court 1903; 20-year-president of French League for Rights of Women.

  • 1895 Elizabeth Pauline MacCallum born Marash, Turkey (d. 1985). First Canadian woman head of mission, Beirut 1954; Middle East expert; specialist at San Francisco conference on founding of UN and partition of Palestine; foresaw Kurdish discontent, and long conflict in Palestine.

  • 1930 Shulamith Koenig born Jerusalem. Human Rights activist; industrial engineer; co-founded Peace Now Tel Aviv in 1960s; founded People’s Movement for Human Rights Education (PDHRE) 1988; UN Human rights award 2003.

  • 1967 Nicole Kidman born Honolulu, HI. Australian actress; Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF 1994; UN Citizen of the World 2004; star of The Interpreter at UN 2005; UNIFEM Goodwill Ambassador 2006; led UNiTE campaign against violence against women.

  • 1983 Patrisse Cullors born Los Angeles, CA. Artist; African-American human rights activist. Co-founded #blacklivesmatter movement with Alicia Garza and Opal Tometi.

Women's peacemaking on this day

  • 1916 Lucy Burns and Dora Lewis picketed White House with "Russian flag" saying Wilson deceived Russia by calling US a democracy.

  • 1955 Local Committee for the Abolition of the H-Bomb met London to become nucleus of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

  • 1983 Mayor of Kent, Washington, broke tie to give site for Puget Sound Camp.

  • 1992 Alison Hewson led Greenpeace protest at Sellafield nuclear plant, Cumbria.

  • 2009 Neda Agha Soltan killed in peaceful protest Tehran.

  • 2010 Saudi women protested driving ban by threat to breastfeed men.

  • 2011 US mayors pass Code Pink antiwar resolution sponsored by Kitty Piercy.